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ブロックチェーン対応の分散エネルギートレーディング

Blockchain-Enabled Distributed Energy Trading

 

出版社 出版年月電子版価格 ページ数図表数
Navigant Research
ナビガントリサーチ
2016年9月US$1,700
1-5ユーザライセンス
20 4

サマリー

米国調査会社ナビガントリサーチ(Navigant Research)の調査レポート「ブロックチェーン対応の分散エネルギートレーディング」は、エネルギーブロックチェーンの多くの固有の要求事項について論じ、この業界へのいくつかの実際的な助言を提供している。P2Pトレーディングの促進要因の分析と、トランザクティブエネルギーをサポートするためにブロックチェーンがなぜ魅力的な選択肢であるのかについて述べている。ブロックチェーン技術に関連するケーススタディ、ビジネスチャンス、採用の課題について記載している。

目次(抜粋)

  • ブロックチェーンについて
  • トランザクティブエネルギーとブロックチェーン
  • ブロックチェーンはすべての電力トレーディングをサポートしない

Blockchain is a technology that supports distributed trading—such as the cryptocurrency Bitcoin—which is threatening to disrupt a number of industries. Its name describes what blockchain software does: transactions are stored in virtual blocks, which are connected together in a chain, creating a complete history of all transactions that have ever occurred within a particular network. Potential use cases for blockchain are being developed in many different industries, particularly where it is desirable to accelerate transaction times, remove centralized market control, reduce the cost of performing transactions, and ensure trust between different market participants.

While many use cases have been proposed for the energy industry, the one gaining the most traction at present is peer-to-peer (P2P) power trading, where owners of small-scale generation can sell excess generation direct to other consumers. Today, centralized control of distributed energy resources (DER) restricts to whom and when DER owners can sell their energy back to the grid. A blockchain-enabled P2P model allows much greater flexibility and could be a powerful enabler for truly customer-centric transactive energy. The earliest adopters of blockchain will likely not be utilities, but other stakeholders. Currently, those leading the research into blockchain are the owners of DER and startups seeking to sell directly to them.

This Navigant Research report discusses the many specific requirements of an energy blockchain and provides several practical recommendations to the industry. The study offers an analysis of the drivers for P2P trading and discusses why blockchain is an attractive option to support transactive energy. It also includes discussion of case studies, opportunities, and implementation challenges associated with blockchain technology.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What are the market drivers for peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading?
  • Why is blockchain an attractive option to support P2P trading?
  • What are the specific requirements of an energy blockchain?
  • What are the barriers to the adoption of blockchain?
  • Where are current blockchain proofs of concept occurring?
  • When should the industry start planning for blockchain?
Who needs this report?
  • Distributed energy resources (DER) owners and manufacturers
  • Blockchain developers
  • Smart grid hardware and software providers
  • Utilities
  • Regulators
  • Energy consultants
  • Renewable energy advocates
  • Investor community


目次

Table of Contents

1.  Executive Summary

2.  Transactive Energy Needs a Customer-Centric Approach

3.  Blockchain: A Granular Trading Infrastructure

3.1  Essential Elements of the Blockchain

3.1.1  Blocks

3.1.2  Nodes

3.1.3  Miners

3.1.4  Tokens

3.1.5  Smart Contracts

3.1.6  Oracles

3.2  Bitcoin Frailties Have Implications for an Energy Blockchain

3.2.1  Exchange- and Wallet-Hacking

3.2.2  Reputational Risk

4.  Transactive Energy and Blockchain

4.1  Centrally Managed Transactive Energy Restricts Flexibility

4.1.1  Existing Infrastructure Does Not Support Customer-Centric P2P Trading

5.  Blockchain Does Not Fully Support P2P Power Trading

5.1  The Energy Blockchain Process

5.1.1  Account for Multiple Stakeholders

5.1.2  Time Complicates Power Transactions

5.1.3  Power Tokens

5.1.4  Smart Contracts, Lawyers, and Regulators

5.1.5  Oracles Replace Central Market Function

5.1.6  Energy Blockchain Nodes

5.1.7  VPPs and the Energy Blockchain

5.2  There Are Few Energy Blockchain Trials

5.2.1  Powerpeers

5.2.2  RWE EV Recharging

5.2.3  Brooklyn Microgrid

5.2.4  SolarCoin

5.3  Strong Opportunities Lie in Developing Markets

6.  Conclusions and Recommendations

6.1  Start Planning for the Blockchain Now

6.2  Security Is Paramount

6.3  Do Not Underestimate the Legal Implications

6.4  This Is a Leap of Faith: Do Not Do It Alone

6.5  Vendors Could Look beyond Their Traditional Markets

List of Charts and Figures

  • The Energy Cloud
  • The Blockchain
  • Energy Blockchain Oracle
  • P2P Power Trading with the Energy Blockchain

 

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プレスリリース

[プレスリリース原文]

Blockchain Technology Could Herald the Start of a New Model for Transactive Energy

Peer-to-peer power trading is gaining the most traction as a potential use case for blockchain

 

November 17, 2016

A new report from Navigant Research examines the specific requirements for an energy blockchain, providing recommendations, case studies, opportunities, and implementation challenges, with an analysis of peer-to-peer (P2P) power trading and how it supports transactive energy.

Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology that supports P2P trading without the need for a central market function. While it is most widely known as the infrastructure on which Bitcoin runs, potential use cases are emerging in a number of industries, including utilities. Blockchain is appealing where there is a need to accelerate transaction times, remove centralized market control, reduce the cost of performing transactions, and ensure trust between different market participants.  According to a new report from Navigant Research, blockchain could herald the start of a new model for transactive energy.

“While financial services has led the development of blockchain, utilities are starting to realize the technology’s potential—a number of proofs of concept have been launched, and we expect many utilities to test blockchain,” says Stuart Ravens, principal research analyst with Navigant Research. “However, the most promising area for blockchain is in P2P trading, where owners of distributed generation can sell their excess generation to whomever they wish.”

According to the report, using blockchain for P2P trading provides a flexible and low-cost approach to highly granular transactions that are difficult to replicate in a centralized system and it places consumers at the heart of the smart grid. The earliest adopters of blockchain are unlikely to be utilities, but rather other stakeholders, including owners of distributed energy resources and startups seeking to sell directly to them.

The report, Blockchain-Enabled Distributed Energy Trading, discusses the many specific requirements of an energy blockchain and provides several practical recommendations to the industry. The study offers an analysis of the drivers for P2P trading and discusses why blockchain is an attractive option to support transactive energy. It also includes discussion of case studies, opportunities, and implementation challenges associated with blockchain technology

 

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