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生分解性ポリマー:2022年までの世界市場と技術

Biodegradable Polymers: Global Markets and Technologies Through 2022

 

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BCC Research
BCCリサーチ
2018年5月US$5,500
シングルユーザライセンス
209

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この調査レポートは生分解性ポリマーの2022年までの世界市場と技術を分析・予測したBCC Researchの市場調査報告書です。

Description

Report Scope

Although the term biodegradable polymers is well known, the controversy within the industry as to which materials should be considered biodegradable continues unabated. These resins currently include polyolefin-based compositions containing starch and polymers containing aromatic groups that microorganisms have difficulty utilizing in their metabolism.

Furthermore, there are additives said to convert petroleum-based resins to biodegradable versions. These resultant resins are said to be oxo-biodegradable.

Part of the current debate revolves around defining an acceptable period for biodegradation to be completed. Almost all carbon-based materials are biodegradable, if given an acceptable period.

This report includes polymers that producers market as fully biodegradable. Most define a fully biodegradable polymer as a polymer that is completely converted by microorganisms to carbon dioxide, water and humus.

In the case of anaerobic biodegradation, carbon dioxide, methane and humus are the degradation products. However, many within the industry insist on a period for degradation such that the terms biodegradable and compostable are not synonymous.

The issue concerning biodegradable versus compostable resins is a very important issue that is discussed in detail. Polymers derived from renewable resources (non-petroleum-based) are not covered unless they are considered biodegradable since many polymers derived from renewable resources are not biodegradable. These materials are often termed as bio-based. Some polymers are both bio-based and biodegradable.

The scope of the report covers the overview and clear understanding of the global market scenario of biodegradable polymers and analysis of global market trends, with market data from 2016, considering 2016 as the base year and estimates for 2017 to 2022 with projection of the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in the forecast period.

This report covers the chemical types of biodegradable polymers along with their properties, production, producers and applications. Definitions and standards, market drivers, biodegradation testing, environmental issues, composting and relevant technologies will also be discussed.

The different chemical type of biodegradable polymers is considered in the report which include: polylactic acid (PLA), starch based and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). Qualitative analysis of protein based products, biodegradable polymers from soybeans, genetically modified (GM) biodegradable polymers and oxo-biodegradable polymers are also covered in the report. The report further includes a discussion of the application of biodegradable polymers such as packaging, fibers/fabrics, agriculture, medical, food service, electrical and electronics and automotive, among others.

The report concludes with a special focus on the competitive landscape which includes the key strategies adopted by the manufacturers and detailed profiles of the major manufacturers, their product offerings, strategies, including trade names and their impact on the market.

Report Includes

- 47 data tables and 50 additional tables
- An overview of the global markets for biodegradable polymers
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2016 and 2017, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2022
- Discussion of chemical types of biodegradable polymers along with their properties and production processes
- Evaluation of current and potential applications
- Comprehensive company profiles of major Players in the Market including Basf, Biomer, Cereplast, Danimer Scientific, Earthshell Container Corp., Mitsui Chemicals, Toray Industries, Inc., and Toyobo Co., Ltd.



目次

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
Market Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
Reasons for doing the Study
Scope of Report
Intended Audience
Methodology and Information Sources
Geographic Breakdown
Analyst's Credentials
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Terminology
Background
Environmental Issues
Bio-Based
Degradable and Biodegradable
Compostable Vs. Biodegradable
Chapter 4 Background/Historical
Overview
The Biopolymer-Synthetic Polymer Gap
Niche Market
A New Emphasis
Environmental Problems Persist
Integration of Biodegradable Plastics with Disposal Infrastructure
Early Starch-Based Materials
Continued R&D
Early Entrants
The Importance of Loose-Fill
Other Factors
Biopolymers, Conventional Plastics and Plastics
Natural or Synthetic
The Move to Renewable Sources
Extending the Recycling Loop
Processing
Properties
Defining Biodegradable Polymers
Public Attitudes
Environmental Issues
Composting
Chapter 5 Definitions and Standards
Overview
Confusion in Biodegradable Definitions
Technical Aspects
Background
The Term "Bio-Based" Often is Confusing to Consumers
Non Uniform Degradable Tests
Overview
Oxo-Bio Standards
Hydro-Bio Standards
ASTM D-6400
Conclusions
Summary of Standards
Chapter 6 Technical Aspects of the Degradability of Resins
Polyolefins
Polystyrene
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Other Thermoplastics and Thermosets
Modes of Degradation of Selected Biodegradable Polymers
Effect of Polymer Structure on Biodegradation
Background
Morphology
Effects of Environmental/Exposure Conditions on Biodegradation
Background
Early Regulations
Significance of Moisture, Temperature and/or Oxygen
Role of Microorganisms
Presence of Methane
Increasing Decomposition in Landfills
Function of Compost Operations
Other Factors
Conclusions
More Details on the Concept of Composting
Overview
Background
Key Properties for Compostable Plastics
Materials that Meet Specifications
Compost Stream and Infrastructure
Compostable Plastics
Biodegradability and Compostability
Restrictions on Compostable Claims
Standards and Specifications
What are the Challenges of Using Compostable Plastics?
U.S. Activities
European Activities
Japanese Activities
Mutual Interests of the Green Plastics Industry and Composting
PLA Problems in Composting Facilities
An Interesting/Baffling Set of Definitions
A Recent Development
Third-Party Certification Program
Chapter 7 Patents Related to Biodegradable Polymers
Using Biodegradable Polymers to Inhibit Scale Formation in Oil Wells
Global Green Products Llc (Dover, De) - No. 9,382,466 (July 5, 2016)
Manufacturing Method of an Eco-Friendly Foaming Package Material
Tri Can Co. Ltd. (Hsinchu Hsien, Taiwan) - No. 9,056,423 (June 16, 2015)
Biodegradable Polymers for Use with Implantable Medical Devices
Advanced Cardiovascular Systems Inc. (Santa Clara, Calif.) - No. 7,875,283 (January 25, 2011)
Biaxially Oriented Polylactic Acid Film with High Barrier
Toray Plastics (America) (North Kingston, R.I.) - No, 7,951,438 (May 31, 2011)
Use of Selection Pressures to Enable Microbial Biosynthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoates from Anaerobic Degradation Products
Leland Stanford Junior University (Palo Alto, Calif.) - No. 8,030,021 (October 4, 2011)
Polylactic Acid Composition
Teijin Limited (Osaka, Japan) - No. 8,030,382 (October 4, 2011)
Cheil Industries Inc. (Gum-Si, Korea) - No. 8,232,343 (July 31, 2012)
Medical Articles Containing Biodegradable Polymers and Acid-Neutralizing Cationic Species
Boston Scientific Scimed Inc. (Maple Grove, Minn.) - No. 8,263,103 (September 11, 2012)
Polylactic Shrink Films and Methods of Casting Same
Plastics Suppliers Inc. (Columbus, Ohio) - No. 8,263,197 (September 11, 2012)
Polylactic Acid Fiber
Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc. (Neenah, Wis.) - 8,268,738 (September 18, 2012)
Method of Manufacture of Polylactic Acid Foams
Biopolymer Network Ltd. (Canterbury, New Zealand) - No. 8,283,389 (October 9, 2012)
Polylactic Acid Resin Composition
Adeka Corp. (Tokyo, Japan) - No. 8,293,824 (October 23, 2012)
Polylactic Acid and Manufacturing Process Thereof
Teijin Limited (Osaka, Japan) - No. 8,304490 (November 6, 2012)
Process for the Modification of Biodegradable Polymers
Akzo Nobel N.V. (Arnhem, the Netherlands) - No. 8,334,348 (December 12, 2012)
Biodegradable Polymer and Compounds
Technofilm STA. (Sant'elpidio A Mare, Italy) - No. 8,349,914 (January 8, 2013)
Process for Extracting and Recovering Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAS) From Cellular Biomass
PHA Industrial (Serrana-Sp, Brazil) - No. 8,357,508 (January 22, 2013)
Compatibilized Polypropylene and PLA Blends and Methods of Making and Using Same
Fina Technology Inc. (Houston, Tex.) - No. 8,362,145 (January 29, 2013)
Polylactic Acid Composition and Molding Comprising the Composition
Tohcello Co., Ltd (Tokyo, Japan) - No. 8,362,157 (January 29, 2013)
Hyundai Motor Company (Seoul, Korea) - No. 8,378,027 (February 19, 2013)
Toray Industries Inc. (Japan) - No. 8,431,212 (April 30, 2013)
Chapter 8 Market Overview
Overview
Market Dynamics
Drivers
Shift in Consumer Preference from Conventional Packaging to Eco-Friendly Packaging Materials
Favorable Government Policies Towards Green, Ecofriendly and Biodegradable Products
Technological Emergence along with the Development of New Bio-Based and Renewable Raw Materials
Restraints
Strong Market Competition from Conventional Petroleum Based Polymers in Different Applications
Product Performance and Durability
Opportunities
Growing End-Use Application Across the Regions
Implementation of Government Norms and Policies on Uses of Conventional Packaging Materials
Chapter 9 Market Breakdown by Chemical Type
Overview
Background
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Polylactic Acid (PLA)
The Process
Background
Technology Overview
Grades
Properties
Producers
Modifications
Issues with PLA
Use of Blends
Applications
Biodegradability
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAS)
Background
Chemistry
Technology Details
Applications
Process
Properties
Biodegradability
Compostability
Recycling
Certification and Testing
Other Important Biodegradable Polyesters
Polycarpolactone (PCL)
PBS-Type Polyesters
Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVOH)
Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Materials
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Starch-Based Biodegradable Polymers
Agro-Polymers
Sustainable/Biodegradable Corn Starch Products
Background
Technical Details
Thermoplastic Starch
Mixtures of Starch and Biodegradable Polymers
Background
Producers
Application of Thermoplastic Starch Polymers
Environmental Issues
Starch-Filled Polymer Composites
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Other Type of Biodegradable Polymers
Protein-Based Plastics
Biodegradable Polymers from Soybeans
Genetically Modified (GM) Biodegradable Polymers
Oxo-Biodegradable Plastics
Chapter 10 Market Breakdown by Application
Overview
Market Size Estimation & Forecast
Packaging
Background
Choice of Resin is the First Step in Sustainable Packaging
Issues
Targeted Applications
Sheet Extrusion Applications
Clear Rigid Packaging
Stretch Blow Molding Packaging
Food Packaging
Thermoformed Packaging
Cups and Utensils
New Bottle Development in Biodegradable Polymer Packaging
Impact of Food Service Industry
Foam Packaging
Loose-Fill Packaging
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Fibers/Fabrics
Overview
Nonwovens
Biodegradable Drug-Loaded Fibers
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Agriculture
Overview
Positive Aspects Cited by Proponents of Biodegradable Film Usage in Agriculture
A Recent Update on Biodegradable Mulches for Agricultural Applications
Production of Biodegradable Plastic Mulches
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Medical
Overview
Background
Properties Required
Breadth of Applications
Criteria for Polymer Selection
Orthopedic Fixation Devices
Details on the Types of Biodegradable Polymers Used in Medical Field
Packaging and Sterilization Implications
Degradation of Medical Plastics
Commercial Biodegradable Medical Devices
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Food Service
Overview
Examples of Biodegradable Commercial Products for Paper Coating Applications
Biodegradable Polymer Coated Paper and Paperboard
Paper Cups
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Electrical and Electronics
Overview
Current Status of Electronics Applications
Biodegradable Electronics Research
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Automotive
Overview
CAFE Issues
Current Status of Auto Applications
PLA Properties and Products
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Others
Overview
Chapter 11 Market Breakdown by Region
Overview
Europe
Europe Biodegradable Polymers Market Overview
Annual GDP Growth, European Union VS. World, 2005-2016
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
North America
North America Biodegradable Polymers Market Overview
Annual GDP Growth, North America, 2005-2016
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Asia-Pacific
Asia-Pacific Biodegradable Polymers Market Overview
GDP Growth, China VS. India VS. World, 2005-2016
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
South America
South America Biodegradable Polymers Market Overview
GDP Growth, Brazil, VS. Chile VS. World, 2005-2016
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Middle East and Africa
Middle East and Africa Biodegradable Polymers Market Overview
GDP Growth, South Africa VS. Saudi Arabia VS. World, 2005-2016
Market Size Estimation and Forecast
Chapter 12 Competitive Landscape
Industry Structure and Overview
Key Drivers of the Global Biodegradable Polymers Market:
Global Biodegradable Polymer Producers
Production Capacity Analysis of PLA
Production Capacity Analysis of PHA
List of Recent Developments in the Biodegradable Polymers Market
Porter's Five Forces Analysis
Bargaining Powers of Buyers
Bargaining Power of Suppliers
Threat of New Entrants
Threat from Substitutes
Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
Chapter 13 Company Profiles
BASF
Business Overview
Products Offered
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
Recent Developments
BIOLOGISCHE NATURVERPACKUNGEN GMGH & CO. KG (BIOTEC)
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Developments
BIOMATERA
Business Overview
BIOME BIOPLASTICS LTD
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Developments
BIOMER
Business Overview
Products Offered
BIOPOLYMER TECHNOLOGIES AG (BIOP)
Business Overview
Products Offered
CEREPLAST
Business Overview
Products Offered
CORBION
Business Overview
Products Offered
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
Recent Developments
DANIMER SCIENTIFIC
Business Overview
Products Offered
EARTHSHELL CONTAINER CORP.
Business Overview
FKUR PLASTICS CORP.
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Development
FUTERRO
Business Overview
Products Offered
GALACTIC SA
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Developments
HUHTAMAKI GROUP
Business Overview
Products Offered
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
Recent Developments
MITSUI CHEMICALS
Business Overview
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
NATUREWORKS LLC
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Development
NOVAMONT S.P.A.
Business Overview
Products Offered
PLANTIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Development
PSM NORTH AMERICA
Business Overview
Products Offered
RODENBURG BIOPOLYMERS B.V.
Business Overview
Products Offered
SYNBRA TECHNOLOGY BV
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Developments
TEIJIN LIMITED
Business Overview
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
TEKNOR APEX
Business Overview
Products Offered
Recent Developments
TIANAN BIOLOGIC MATERIAL CO. LTD.
Business Overview
Products Offered
TIANJIN GUOYUN BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS CO. LTD.
Business Overview
Products Offered
TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC.
Business Overview
Products Offered
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
TOYOBO CO., LTD.
Business Overview
Products Offered
Financials
Business Segmentation
Regional Segmentation
Recent Developments
ZHEJIANG HISUN BIOMATERIALS CO., LTD.
Business Overview
Products Offered
Chapter 14 Appendix: List of Abbreviations

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