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【分析レポート:技術】自動車の精密全地球航法衛星システム(GNSS)

Precision GNSS in Automotive

3Q 2016 | Technology Analysis Report | AN-2366 | 19 pages | 8 charts | 1 figure | PDF

 

出版社 出版年月価格 ページ数図表数
ABI Research
ABIリサーチ
2016年9月お問い合わせください 19 9

サマリー

米国調査会社ABIリサーチの調査レポート「【分析レポート:技術】自動車の精密全地球航法衛星システム(GNSS)」は、自動車産業における精密GNSS受信機の採用に注目している。ADAS、V2V、そして究極的には無人運転車への移行に伴い、多くの利害関係者が高精度の位置決めや文脈的認識技術などの様々な技術を研究している。従来、精密GNSSは自動車産業などの消費者市場の用途には高額すぎると考えられてきた。しかし、大量出荷の可能性があることから、精密と消費者用GNSS受信ベンダ、さらには高い関心を持つ新興企業などがこの分野の技術革新に注目している。しかし精密GNSSは、現在の自動運転自動車の試運転において、多くの技術との競争に直面している。

この調査レポートは、現状での主要企業や魅力的な新興企業、潜在的な用途、競争の脅威を概観し、克服すべき主要な障害を特定して、今日の自動車市場での精密GNSSを詳細に概観している。自動車用精密GNSSの全体的な生存能力を概説し、市場予測を行っている。

This report focuses on the adoption of precision GNSS receivers in the automotive industry. With the move to ADAS, V2V, and ultimately driverless cars, a number of stakeholders are investigating a variety of high-accuracy positioning and contextually aware technologies. Traditionally, precision GNSS has been too expensive to be considered for consumer markets like automotive. However, the potential of high volume shipments is attracting a lot of innovation in this space from both precision and consumer GNSS receiver vendors as well as some very interesting startups. However, precision GNSS faces significant competition from a variety of other technologies currently being trialed on driverless vehicles today.

This report aims to create an in-depth review of precision GNSS in the automotive market as it stands today, identifying the major companies involved, new exciting startups, potential applications, competitive threats, and the major barrier that must be overcome. It also looks at the overall viability of precision GNSS in automotive and provides forecasts on the market.

位置情報デバイス

 



目次

Table of Contents

  • 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • 1.1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.2. USE CASES OF GNSS IN AUTOMOTIVE
    • 1.3. HIGH-PRECISION POSITIONING USE CASES
  • 2. POSITIONING TECHNOLOGIES
    • 2.1. DEAD-RECKONING AND INERTIAL SYSTEMS
    • 2.2. MAP REFERENCING AND SLAM: MAPS AS HIGH-ACCURACY, 3D-POSITIONING REFERENCES FOR LOCALIZATION
    • 2.3. CAMERA/RADAR VERSUS LIDAR SENSORS
    • 2.4. LOCALIZING GROUND-PENETRATING RADAR (LGPR)
    • 2.5. MAGNETIC SENSORS
    • 2.6. STANDARD SINGLE-FREQUENCY GNSS
    • 2.7. SINGLE-FREQUENCY + CORRECTION TECHNIQUES
    • 2.8. AUTONOMOUS DUAL-FREQUENCY RECEIVERS
    • 2.9. HIGH-PRECISION GNSS (RTK)
    • 2.10. NETWORK CORRECTION TECHNIQUES
    • 2.11. TIMELINE FOR AUTOMOTIVE-GRADE PRECISION GNSS
    • 2.12. CONCLUSIONS
  • 3. MARKET FORECASTS
    • 3.1. OVERVIEW

Companies Mentioned

  • AR Technologies
  • BMW Group
  • Google
  • LoJack Corporation
  • Mobileye
  • OnStar
  • Swift Navigation
  • Target Corporation
  • TomTom
  • Trimble
  • United Technologies Corporation
  • USA Technologies
  • VHF Technologies
  • Visual Group
  • Volvo Car Corporation
  • WayRay

 

 

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プレスリリース

[サマリー訳]

米国調査会社ABIリサーチの調査レポート「【分析レポート:技術】自動車の精密全地球航法衛星システム(GNSS)」は、自動車産業における精密GNSS受信機の採用に注目している。ADAS、V2V、そして究極的には無人運転車への移行に伴い、多くの利害関係者が高精度の位置決めや文脈的認識技術などの様々な技術を研究している。従来、精密GNSSは自動車産業などの消費者市場の用途には高額すぎると考えられてきた。しかし、大量出荷の可能性があることから、精密と消費者用GNSS受信ベンダ、さらには高い関心を持つ新興企業などがこの分野の技術革新に注目している。しかし精密GNSSは、現在の自動運転自動車の試運転において、多くの技術との競争に直面している。

この調査レポートは、現状での主要企業や魅力的な新興企業、潜在的な用途、競争の脅威を概観し、克服すべき主要な障害を特定して、今日の自動車市場での精密GNSSを詳細に概観している。自動車用精密GNSSの全体的な生存能力を概説し、市場予測を行っている。

[サマリー原文]

This report focuses on the adoption of precision GNSS receivers in the automotive industry. With the move to ADAS, V2V, and ultimately driverless cars, a number of stakeholders are investigating a variety of high-accuracy positioning and contextually aware technologies. Traditionally, precision GNSS has been too expensive to be considered for consumer markets like automotive. However, the potential of high volume shipments is attracting a lot of innovation in this space from both precision and consumer GNSS receiver vendors as well as some very interesting startups. However, precision GNSS faces significant competition from a variety of other technologies currently being trialed on driverless vehicles today.

This report aims to create an in-depth review of precision GNSS in the automotive market as it stands today, identifying the major companies involved, new exciting startups, potential applications, competitive threats, and the major barrier that must be overcome. It also looks at the overall viability of precision GNSS in automotive and provides forecasts on the market.


 

[プレスリリース原文]

ABI Research Forecasts Precision GNSS in Automotive Will be a Reality by 2021

London, United Kingdom - 20 Sep 2016

Low-cost, precision, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) receivers will become a reality in the driverless cars, drones, and even smartphone markets by 2021, finds ABI Research. The automotive industry will be the main driver behind precision GNSS receiver adoption, in which centimeter-level accuracy is essential to complete driver safety systems with the redundancy necessary for autonomous vehicles.

“There is a variety of competing technologies currently under investigation by the automotive industry, but ABI Research forecasts it will move to a hybridized approach, combining LIDAR, HD maps, sensor fusion, machine vision, and precision GNSS,” says Patrick Connolly, Principal Analyst at ABI Research. “As the receivers’ average selling price drops below $50, we expect to see a more immediate market for location technology services, such as AR Heads Up Displays (HUDs), in high-end vehicles. Vehicle-to-Vehicle, or V2V, communication might constitute another use case for high-precision GNSS.”

In addition to autonomous vehicles, ABI Research also identifies there to be opportunities for low-cost, precision GNSS receivers in autonomous unmanned vehicles (AUVs), as well as commercial and consumer devices. Though the average selling prices of such GNSS receivers is $1,000 and higher, ABI Research finds the cost to be one of the most addressable inhibitors to market growth today.

“Precision GNSS achieves sub-meter accuracy through a variety of methods, including a network of reference stations,” continues Connolly. “The biggest question mark today is not cost-related, but instead how to achieve reliable, worldwide satellite navigation coverage to support correction techniques, such as real time kinematic, or RTK, and precise point positioning, or PPP. This is an extremely expensive undertaking, with currently no guarantee of a return on investment.”

Competition in the location technologies market ranges from crowdfunded startups to Internet giants, reflecting the scale of the opportunity. Traditional precision GNSS receiver vendors like Trimble and Novatel have the intellectual property, engineering experience, and ownership of correction networks.

In the consumer GNSS receiver market, u-Blox and Skytraq lead the way. Each developed low-cost single frequency PPP and RTK receivers, with a clear roadmap toward dual-frequency. Other consumer GNSS providers, like ST Microelectronics, Broadcom, and Qualcomm, also appear active in this space.

Start-ups like North Surveying, NVS Technologies, REACH, and Swift Navigation continue to disrupt the industry, bringing low-cost precision receivers to market. Their goal is to hit an ASP below $100 in the near future. And Radiosense is a startup that received a lot of attention for its previous work concerning precision GNSS on smartphones. It is now working on automotive solutions in a pilot in Austin, Texas. Locata has the potential to be the wildcard in the deck, working on a powerful synchronization and location technology that may find its way into consumer technologies by 2021.  

“Most interesting in the location technology competitive landscape is the involvement of Internet giants Google and Alibaba,” concludes Connolly. “Google recently announced it will make GPS pseudoranges available to developers, which, although extremely nascent, could open up the door for a lot of innovation. And in China, Alibaba is a major partner in the roll-out of Continuous Operating Reference Stations, or CORS, networks in the region.”

These findings are from ABI Research’s Precision GNSS in Automotive and GNSS IC Design Trends: Modules, Standalone, Combo, and Embedded reports. The reports are part of the company’s Beacons, Indoor Analytics & Location sector, which includes research, data, and analyst insights.

 

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