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HetNet (スモールセル、キャリアWi-Fi、C-RAN、DAS)のエコシステム 2017-2030年:ビジネスチャンス、課題、戦略、予測

The HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

 

出版社 出版年月電子版価格 ページ数図表数
SNS Telecom & IT
SNSテレコム&IT
2017年6月US$2,500
シングルユーザライセンス (PDF+Excel)
1,000 271

サマリー

英国とドバイに拠点をおく調査会社シグナルズアンドシステムズテレコム/SNSリサーチ (Signals and Systems Telecom/SNS Research)の調査レポート「HetNet (スモールセル、キャリアWi-Fi、C-RAN、DAS)のエコシステム 2017-2030年:ビジネスチャンス、課題、戦略、予測」は、世界のHetNet市場を詳細に調査し、実現技術、主要動向、市場促進要因、市場課題、標準化、法規制の概要、採用モデル、利用事例、垂直市場、事業者のケーススタディ、ビジネスチャンス、今後のロードマップ、バリューチェーン、エコシステムの企業の概要と戦略などについて記載している。2017-2030年のHetNetインフラ投資を、6つのサブ市場と6つの世界の市場について予測している。

目次(抜粋)

  • スモールセル、キャリアWi-Fi、C-RAN、DASの概要
  • 統合技術とオフロード技術
  • ロードマップとバリューチェーン
  • HetNetの採用モデル、利用事例、垂直市場
  • HetNetのバックホールとフロントホール
  • 標準化と法規制イニシアチブ
  • モバイル事業者のケーススタディ
  • 無線ネットワークインフラの既存企業
  • マクロセルRAN、スモールセル、C-RAN、モバイルコアのスペシャリスト
  • アンテナ、DAS、リピータソリューションのスペシャリスト
  • キャリアWi-Fiのスペシャリスト
  • 対応技術プロバイダ
  • モバイルバックホールとフロントホールのベンダ
  • 市場分析と予測
  • 結論と戦略的提言

Synopsis

Driven by the growing demand for in-building wireless coverage and the huge influx of mobile data traffic, conventional macrocells alone are no longer deemed sufficient to handle the needs of today's wireless subscribers. In addition, the imminent adoption of centimeter and millimeter wave spectrum, to support higher data rates in 5G networks, necessitates the usage of much smaller cell sizes.

To cope with growing capacity and coverage requirements, mobile operators are significantly increasing their investments in a variety of Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure technologies such as strategically deployed small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS (Distributed Antenna System) networks. Adding further to the heterogeneity is the shift towards C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, where centralized baseband functionality is shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes to deliver benefits such as resource pooling, multi-cell coordination, network extensibility and energy efficiency.
 
SNS Research estimates that global spending on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach more than $15 Billion by the end of 2017, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements. At present, the HetNet market is facing a paradigm shift with multiple advancements ranging from small cell virtualization and neutral hosting to the adoption of unlicensed and shared spectrum. In conjunction with 5G and LTE Advanced network rollouts, these advancements will fuel the market to grow at a CAGR of over 18% between 2017 and 2020.
 
The “HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the HetNet ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, use cases, vertical markets, service provider case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for HetNet infrastructure investments from 2017 till 2030. The forecasts cover 6 individual submarkets and 6 regions.
 
The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.
 
Key Findings:

 

The report has the following key findings:

  • SNS Research estimates that global spending on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach more than $15 Billion by the end of 2017, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements.
  • At present, the HetNet market is facing a paradigm shift with multiple advancements ranging from small cell virtualization and neutral hosting to the adoption of unlicensed and shared spectrum.
  • In conjunction with 5G and LTE Advanced network rollouts, these advancements will fuel the market to grow at a CAGR of over 18% between 2017 and 2020.
  • By virtualizing small cells, mobile operators can immediately evaluate the benefits of RAN virtualization with no major impact on their larger macrocell RAN footprint. SNS research estimates that global spending on virtualized small cells will surpass $1 Billion annually by 2020.
  • Unlicensed and shared spectrum small cells are also beginning to gain traction, with shipment revenues potentially reaching $240 Million by the end of 2020.
  • The vendor arena is continuing to consolidate with several prominent M&A deals such as CCI's (Communication Components, Inc.) acquisition of BLiNQ Networks and Mavenir's merger with Ranzure Networks.
 
Topics Covered:

 

The report covers the following topics:

  • HetNet ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • Enabling technologies and key architectural components for small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS
  • Integration, offloading and SON (Self-Organizing Network) technologies
  • Key trends including RAN disaggregation; small cell virtualization; unlicensed and shared spectrum usage; and neutral hosting
  • Complementary technologies and concepts including millimeter wave radio access; MEC (Mobile Edge Computing); FWA (Fixed Wireless Access); control and user plane separation; and network slicing
  • Small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul technologies
  • HetNet use cases and deployment models including SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service)
  • Enterprise RAN; rural small cells; and tactical small cells for military and public safety applications
  • Over 30 case studies of service provider HetNet deployments
  • Regulatory landscape and standardization
  • Industry roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of over 500 leading ecosystem players 
  • Strategic recommendations for HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2017 till 2030
 
Forecast Segmentation:

 

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

  • Small Cells
    • Air Interface Technology Segmentation
      • 2G & 3G
      • LTE
      • 5G NR (New Radio)
    • Deployment Model Segmentation
      • Indoor
      • Outdoor
    • RAN Architecture Segmentation
      • Standalone
      • C-RAN
    • Use Case Segmentation
      • Residential
      • Enterprise
      • Urban
      • Rural & Suburban
    • Cell Size Segmentation
      • Femtocells
      • Picocells
      • Microcells
  • Small Cell Backhaul
    • Technology Segmentation
      • DSL
      • Ethernet
      • Microwave
      • Millimeter Wave
      • Satellite
      • Fiber & Others
  • Carrier Wi-Fi
    • Submarket Segmentation
      • Access Points
      • Access Point Controllers
    • Integration Approach Segmentation
      • Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots
      • Managed Wi-Fi Offload
  • C-RAN
    • Air Interface Technology Segmentation
      • 3G & LTE
      • 5G NR
    • Deployment Model Segmentation
      • Indoor
      • Outdoor
    • Cell Size Segmentation
      • Small Cells
      • Macrocells
    • Submarket Segmentation
      • BBUs (Baseband Units)
      • RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)
  • C-RAN Fronthaul
    • Technology Segmentation
      • Dedicated Fiber
      • WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
      • OTN (Optical Transport Network)
      • PON (Passive Optical Network)
      • Ethernet
      • Microwave
      • Millimeter Wave
      • G.Fast & Others
  • DAS
    • Deployment Model Segmentation
      • Indoor
      • Outdoor
  • Regional Markets
    • Asia Pacific
    • Eastern Europe
    • Latin & Central America
    • Middle East & Africa
    • North America
    • Western Europe
Key Questions Answered:

 

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the HetNet opportunity?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • How can HetNet infrastructure investments improve wireless coverage and alleviate congestion in mobile operator networks?
  • Can virtualized small cells reduce the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of HetNet deployments?
  • How are mobile operators leveraging small cells to deliver cost-effective wireless coverage in rural areas?
  • What is the commercial status of unlicensed and shared spectrum technologies?
  • How are small cell, DAS and Wi-Fi specialists addressing requirements for multi-operator neutral host networks?
  • What are the prospects of microwave and millimeter wave transport networking platforms for small cell backhaul and C-RAN fronthaul?
  • Will mobile operators adopt WiGig and other non-3GPP technologies to complement 5G network rollouts?
  • Who are the key market players, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should HetNet infrastructure vendors and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

List of Companies & Organizations Mentioned:


The following companies and organizations have been reviewed, discussed or mentioned in the report:

3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
3GPP2 (3rd Generation Partnership Project 2)
3Roam
4ipnet
4RF
6Harmonics
6WIND
AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)
ABB
Accedian Networks
Accelink Technologies Corporation
Accelleran
Accuris Networks
Accuver
Ace Technologies Corporation
AceAxis
ACOME
Actelis Networks
Actiontec Electronics
Actus Networks
Adax
ADB
ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
ADLINK Technology
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
ADTRAN
ADVA Optical Networking
Advantech
Advantech Wireless
Aerohive Networks
AeroMobile
Affarii Technologies
Affirmed Networks
Agema Systems
Airgain
AirHop Communications
Air-Lynx
Airrays
Airspan Networks
AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation)
Akoustis Technologies
ALAXALA Networks Corporation
ALBEDO Telecom
Albis-Elcon
ALCOMA
Allied Data Technologies
Allied Telesis
Allot Communications
Alpha Networks
Alpha Wireless
Alphabet
Altai Technologies
Altiostar Networks
Altran
Alvarion Technologies
Amarisoft
Amdocs
América Móvil Group
American Tower Corporation
Anertai Communications
Anritsu Corporation
APRESIA Systems
Aptilo Networks
Aquantia Corporation
Arcadyan Technology Corporation
Argela
ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
Aricent
ARM Holdings
Arqiva
ARRIS International
Artemis Networks
Artesyn Embedded Technologies
Artiza Networks
Aruba Networks
Aselan
Askey Computer Corporation
ASOCS
Astellia
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
AT&T
ATDI
Athonet
ATIS (U.S. Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
AttoCore
Autelan
Avanti Communications Group
Aviat Networks
AVM (AVM Computersysteme Vertriebs)
Axiata Group
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless
Azcom Technology
Baicells Technologies
BandwidthX
BATM Advanced Communications
Baylin Technologies
Beeline
Belkin International
Benetel
Bharti Airtel
Bird Technologies
Black Box Corporation
BLiNQ Networks
Blu Wireless Technology
Blue Danube Systems
BlueWaveTel
BluWan
Boingo Wireless
Boomsense/Bangxun Technology
BoostEdge
BridgeWave Communications
Broadband Forum
Broadcom
Brocade Communications Systems
Browan Communications
BSG Wireless
BT Group
BTI Wireless
C Squared Systems
CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
CableLabs
Cadence Design Systems
Calix
Cambium Networks
Cambridge Consultants
Canoga Perkins Corporation
Carlson Wireless Technologies
Carnegie Technologies
CarrierComm
Casa Systems
Cavium
CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)
CBRS Alliance
CCA (Competitive Carriers Association)
CCI (Communication Components, Inc.)
CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.)
CCI Systems
CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)
CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
CeedTec
Cellcom (New-Cell)
Cellcomm Solutions
CellMax Technologies
CellMining
Cellnex Telecom
Cellular One
Cellwize Wireless Technologies
cellXica
CelPlan Technologies
Celtro
Ceragon Networks
CEVA
China Mobile
China Telecom
China Unicom
Chunghwa Telecom
Cielo Networks
Ciena Corporation
Cisco Systems
Clavister
ClearSky Technologies
Cloudberry Mobile
CND (Core Network Dynamics)
Cobham Wireless
Cohere Technologies
Coherent Logix
Collinear Networks
Collision Communications
Colt Technology Services Group
Comba Telecom
Comcores
CommAgility
CommScope
Comtech EF Data Corporation
Comtech Korea
Comtech Telecommunications Corporation
Comtrend Corporation
Contela
Corecess
Coriant
Corning
Cox Communications
CPqD (Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil)
Creanord
Crown Castle International Corporation
CS Corporation
CTIA
D2 Technologies
Dali Wireless
DASAN Zhone Solutions
Datang Mobile
Datang Telecom
Dell Technologies
Delta Electronics
DENGYO (Nihon Dengyo Kosaku)
DigitalGlobe
Direct Beam
D-Link Corporation
DragonWave
Druid Software
DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
DT (Deutsche Telekom)
DYNE TECH
Eahison Communication
eASIC Corporation
E-Band Communications
EBlink
EchoStar Corporation
ECI Telecom
Edgewater Wireless Systems
EDX Wireless
EION Wireless
Ekinops
ELVA-1
Endaga
ENENSYS Technologies
Eoptolink Technology
Ercom
Ericsson
Ethernity Networks
Ethertronics
ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
Eutelsat  Communications
EVOLVE
Exalt Wireless
EXFO
Expeto Wireless
Expway
ExteNet Systems
Extreme Networks
Facebook
Fairwaves
Faraday Technology Corporation
FastBack Networks
FCC (U.S. Federal Communications Commission)
Federated Wireless
FiberHome Technologies
FibroLan
Filtronic
Finisar Corporation
Firetide
Flash Networks
Flex Logix Technologies
Fon
Forsk
Fortinet
Foshan Anderson Communication Equipment
Foxcom
Fraunhofer FOKUS  (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
Frog Cellsat
Fujian Helios Technologies
Fujian Sunnada Network Technology
Fujitsu
Furukawa Electric Group
Furuno Electric
Galgus
Galtronics Corporation
Gamma Nu
GCI (General Communication, Inc.)
Gemtek Technology
GENBAND
General Dynamics Mission Systems
Genmix Technology
GenXComm
GigaLight
GIKO GROUP Telecomunicaciones
Gilat Satellite Networks
Global Invacom Group
GlobalFoundries
GoNet Systems
Goodman Networks
Google
GRENTECH
GSMA
GTI
Guangzhou Iplook Technologies
GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)
Handlink Technologies
Hansen Technology
Harris Corporation
HCL Technologies
Hefei Maniron Electronic and Technology
HetNet Forum
HFR
Hilinks Technology
Hisense
Hitachi
HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
Huahuan
Huawei
HUBER+SUHNER
Hughes Network Systems
HXI
IBM Corporation
iBwave Solutions
IDT (Integrated Device Technology)
IDY Corporation
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
IM Technology
Imec International
Impower Technology
InCoax
Infineon Technologies
Infinera
InfiNet Wireless
Infinite Electronics
InfoVista
Inmarsat
Innertron
InnoLight Technology
InnoWireless
Intel Corporation
Intelsat
InterDigital
Intracom Telecom
IP Light
ip.access
IPITEK
iPosi
Iskratel
IS-Wireless
ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
ITU (International Telecommunications Union)
Jiangsu Hengxin Technology
Jiangsu Zhengkai Electronics Technology
JMA Wireless
JQL Electronics
JRC (Japan Radio Company)
Juni Global
Juniper Networks
Kaelus
Kathrein-Werke KG
KDDI Corporation
Keima
KEYMILE
Keysight Technologies
Kisan Telecom
Kleos
KMW
Knowles Corporation
Koonsys Radiocommunications
KPN
KT Corporation
Kumu Networks
Kyrio
Lattice Semiconductor
Lemko Corporation
LG Uplus
LGS Innovations
Ligado Networks
LightPointe Communications
LigoWave
Lime Microsystems
Lindsay Broadband
Linker Networks
Linksys
Lockheed Martin Corporation
Loea Corporation
LTE-U Forum
Lumentum
Luminate Wireless
Luminet
LuxCarta
MACOM Technology Solutions Holdings
Maja Systems
Mathworks
Maven Wireless
Mavenir Systems
MAX4G
Maxim Integrated
MaxLinear
McWane
MDG (Mobility Development Group)
MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)
MegaFon
Mellanox Technologies
MER Group
Microlab
Microsemi Corporation
Microwave Networks
MIMOon
MIMOtech
MitraStar Technology Corporation
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
Mitsubishi Group
Mobiveil
Mojo Networks
Molex
Mosaik
Moseley Associates
MRV Communications
MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)
MTI Wireless Edge
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
MulteFire Alliance
Multiwave Sensors
N.A.T.
Nash Technologies
NEC Corporation
Netas
NETGEAR
Netonomics
NETSCOUT Systems
New Postcom Equipment
NewNet Mobile Communications
Nexcomm Systems
Nextivity
NexxCom Wireless
NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
NI (National Instruments)
Node-H
Nokia
Nokia Networks
Nokia Technologies
Nomadix
Nomor Research
NTT DoCoMo
NuRAN Wireless
Nutaq Innovation
NXP Semiconductors
O3b Networks
Oceus Networks
Octasic
OE Solutions
OFS
Omnitron Systems
Omoco
ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)
OneAccess Networks
OneWeb
ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
OpenCell
Optulink
Optus
Orange
OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)
OZC (Optical Zonu Corporation)
P.I. Works
Panasonic Avionics Corporation
Panasonic Corporation
Panda Electronics Group
Panorama Antennas
Parallel Wireless
Patton Electronics
Peraso Technologies
Phluido
Plasma Antennas
Pletronics
PMN (Private Mobile Networks)
Polaris Networks
Polewall
Polystar
Positron
Potevio
PRISMA Telecom Testing
Procera Networks
Proxim Wireless Corporation
pureLiFi
Qorvo
Qualcomm
Quanta Computer
Qucell
Qulsar
Quortus
Qwilt
RACOM
RAD Data Communications
RADCOM
Radio Gigabit
Radisys Corporation
RADWIN
Raisecom
Rakon
Range Networks
Ranplan Wireless Network Design
Raycap
Rearden
Red Hat
RED Technologies
Redline Communications
REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks
Renaissance Electronics & Communications
RF DSP
RF MORECOM KOREA
RF Window
RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
Rivada Networks
Rohde & Schwarz
Rosenberger
R-TRON
Ruckus Wireless
SAF Tehnika
Sagemcom
Saguna Networks
SAI Technology
Samji Electronics
Samsung Electronics
Samsung Group
Sarokal Test Systems
SAT (Smart Antenna Technologies)
SCF (Small Cell Forum)
SDP Telecom
Senao Networks
Seontech
SerComm Corporation
SES
Sevis Systems
SevOne
SFR
Shared Access
Shenzhen Huaptec
Shyam Group
Shyam Networks
Shyam Telecom
SIAE Microelectronica
Siklu Communication
Silicon Labs (Silicon Laboratories)
Singtel
SIRADEL
SiRRAN Communications
Sistelbanda
SITRONICS
Sivers IMA
SK Telecom
SK Telesys
Skybird Electronic Science & Technology
SkyFiber
Skyview Capital
Skyworks Solutions
SMC Networks
Smith Micro Software
SoftBank Group
Solectek Corporation
SOLiD
Sonus Networks
Sooktha
Source Photonics
Space Data Corporation
Spectronite
SpiderCloud Wireless
Sprint Corporation
SRS (Software Radio Systems)
ST Engineering (Singapore Technologies Engineering)
Star Microwave
Star Solutions
Starry
STMicroelectronics
Sumitomo Electric Industries
Sunwave Solutions
SuperCom
Suzhou Hexagon Communication Technologies
Syniverse Technologies
Tarana Wireless
Tata Elxsi
Tech Mahindra
Technicolor
Teco Group
Tecom
Tecore Networks
TEKTELIC Communications
Telco Systems
Telecom Italia Group
Telefónica Group
Telenor Group
Telia Company
Tellion
Tellumat
Telnet Redes Inteligentes
Telrad Networks
Telsey
Telstra
Telum
Telus Corporation
TEOCO Corporation
TESSCO Technologies
Thuraya Telecommunications Company
TI (Texas Instruments)
Tieto Corporation
Tilgin
TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
Towerstream Corporation
TP-LINK Technologies
Trango Systems
Transition Networks
Tranzeo Wireless Technologies
Tropico
TruConnect Technologies
TSDSI (Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India)
TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)
TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
TTP (The Technology Partnership)
Tulinx
Turk Telekom
Ubiquiti Networks
Ubiquoss
U-blox
UNICOM Global
UTStarcom
Vanu
Vasona Networks
Vectron International
Vencore Labs
VEON
Verizon Communications
ViaSat
Viavi Solutions
Virgin Media
Virtuosys
VMware
VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited)
Vodafone Group
VT iDirect
VT Systems (Vision Technologies Systems)
Vubiq Networks
Wave1
Wavesight
WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
Webpass
Westell Technologies
Wevercomm
WIA (Wireless Infrastructure Association)
Wi-Fi Alliance
WiFiForward
Wilson Electronics
WiMAX Forum
Wind Tre
WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
WiPro
Wireless Telecom Group
WiSig Networks
WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
WTL (World Telecom Labs)
Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology
Wuhan Gewei Electronic Technologies
Wytec International
XAVi Technologies Corporation
XCellAir
Xelic
Xilinx
xRAN Consortium
Yamaha Corporation
Zayo Group
Z-Com
Zinwave
ZTE
Zyxel Communications Corporation

SUBJECT/KEY WORDS

Small Cells, Femtocells, Picocells, Microcells, DAS (Distributed Antenna System), C-RAN, Wi-Fi, WLAN, Carrier Wi-Fi, Cloud RAN, Virtualized Small Cells, Neutral Host, Unlicensed and Shared Spectrum, CBRS, Mobile Operators, Telecommunications Regulators, 5G, LTE, 3G, 2G, TD-LTE

 

 



目次

1    Chapter 1: Introduction    47
1.1    Executive Summary    47
1.2    Topics Covered    49
1.3    Forecast Segmentation    50
1.4    Key Questions Answered    53
1.5    Key Findings    54
1.6    Methodology    55
1.7    Target Audience    56
1.8    Companies & Organizations Mentioned    57
        
2    Chapter 2: An Overview of Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS    64
2.1    An Evolving Heterogeneous Networking Ecosystem    64
2.1.1    The Growing Demand for Mobile Broadband    64
2.1.2    Is LTE the Answer to All Capacity Problems?    64
2.1.3    HetNets: An Evolution of Network Topology    65
2.2    Small Cells    66
2.2.1    What Are Small Cells?    66
2.2.2    Why Deploy Small Cells?    66
2.2.3    Small Cell Categories    68
2.2.3.1    Femtocells    68
2.2.3.2    Picocells    69
2.2.3.3    Microcells    69
2.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    70
2.3.1    Carrier Wi-Fi Integration Approaches    71
2.3.2    Standalone Hotspots    71
2.3.3    Managed Offload    71
2.3.3.1    SIM-Based Wi-Fi Offload    71
2.3.3.2    RAN Integrated Wi-Fi Access    71
2.4    C-RAN (Centralized RAN)    72
2.4.1    What is C-RAN?    72
2.4.2    Architectural Benefits and Challenges    72
2.4.3    Key Architectural Components    73
2.4.3.1    RRHs (Remote Radio Heads)    73
2.4.3.2    BBUs (Baseband Units)    73
2.4.3.3    Fronthaul    74
2.5    Cloud RAN: Virtualizing C-RAN    75
2.5.1    Leveraging Commodity Technologies    76
2.5.2    Moving RAN to the Cloud    76
2.6    DAS (Distributed Antenna System)    77
2.6.1    What is DAS?    77
2.6.2    Passive DAS    78
2.6.3    Active DAS    79
2.6.4    Hybrid DAS    80
2.7    Other Options for Offloading Mobile Network Coverage and Capacity    81
2.7.1    Macrocell Network and Spectrum Expansion    81
2.7.2    Caching & Mobile CDNs (Content Delivery Networks)    81
2.8    The Business Case: Key Market Drivers    82
2.8.1    Capacity & Coverage Improvement: Addressing the Mobile Data Traffic Tsunami    82
2.8.2    Endorsement from the Mobile Operator Community    83
2.8.3    In-Building & Enterprise Coverage Requirements    84
2.8.4    Capacity Offload in Congested Urban Environments    84
2.8.5    Cost-Effective Rural Coverage    85
2.8.6    CapEx Savings    85
2.8.7    Non-Expandability of Macrocell Networks    85
2.8.8    Impact of 5G Rollouts    86
2.9    Challenges & Inhibitors to the HetNet Ecosystem    86
2.9.1    Interference with Macrocell Infrastructure & Spectrum Constraints    86
2.9.2    Conflicting HetNet Offerings    86
2.9.3    Fronthaul & Backhaul Investments    87
2.9.4    Migration from Legacy Architectures    87
2.9.5    Economic Constraints & Deployment Challenges    88
2.9.6    Security Concerns    88
        
3    Chapter 3: Integration & Offloading Technology    89
3.1    Integrating Small Cells into the Mobile Network    89
3.1.1    Integration into 3G Networks    89
3.1.1.1    Iuh based Integration: Residential & Enterprise Femtocells    89
3.1.1.2    Iub: Microcells, Picocells and Femtocells    91
3.1.2    S1: Integration into LTE Networks    91
3.1.2.1    eNB Small Cell Architecture    92
3.1.2.2    HeNB Small Cell Architecture    92
3.1.3    Integration into 5G NR (New Radio) Networks    93
3.1.3.1    Non-Standalone Operation with LTE    93
3.1.3.2    NG2 & NG3: NextGen (Next Generation) System Architecture    93
3.2    Integrating C-RAN into the Mobile Network    94
3.2.1    CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface)    94
3.2.2    OBSAI (Open Base Station Architecture Initiative)    95
3.2.3    ORI (Open Radio Interface)    95
3.2.4    Ethernet    95
3.3    Wi-Fi: The Evolution from an Ethernet Extension to Mobile RAN Integration    96
3.4    Enabling Technologies for Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Interoperability    97
3.4.1    ANDSF (Access Network Discovery and Selection Function)    97
3.4.1.1    Enabling Seamless Mobility    97
3.4.1.2    Commercial Availability of ANDSF Solutions    97
3.4.2    Hotspot 2.0    98
3.4.2.1    Discovery - 802.11u    98
3.4.2.2    Encryption - 802.11i (WPA2)    98
3.4.2.3    Authentication – 802.1x (EAP)    99
3.4.2.4    OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) DM (Device Management)    99
3.4.2.5    Passpoint Wi-Fi Certification    99
3.4.3    NGH (Next Generation Hotspot)    99
3.4.3.1    Working Alongside Hotspot 2.0    100
3.4.3.2    Enabling Seamless Mobile Network Connectivity    100
3.4.4    I-WLAN (Interworking Wireless LAN)    100
3.4.5    WISPr (Wireless Internet Service Provider Roaming)    101
3.4.6    MSAP (Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol)    101
3.5    Small Cell and Mobile Core Offloading Technologies    102
3.5.1    LIPA (Local IP Access)    102
3.5.1.1    Is LIPA Specifically for Small Cells?    102
3.5.1.2    Use Case Example: Local Network Multimedia Access    102
3.5.2    SIPTO (Selected IP Traffic Offload)    103
3.5.2.1    Use Case Example: Core Network Offload    103
3.5.2.2    The Downside: Is SIPTO Suitable for All Traffic Profiles?    103
3.5.3    IFOM (IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload)    104
3.5.3.1    Enabling Seamless Integration between Wi-Fi and 3GPP RANs    104
3.6    Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Integration: Commercial Implementations for Address HetNet Challenges    105
3.6.1    Wi-Fi Integration into Macrocell and Small Cell Base Stations    105
3.6.2    Policy Driven Control    105
3.6.3    Enabling Wi-Fi Calling: Dynamic Switching between Wi-Fi and LTE    105
3.7    Integration of SON (Self-Organizing Network) Capabilities    106
3.7.1    Enabling Plug-and-play Functionality    106
3.7.2    Enhancing HetNet Performance    107
        
4    Chapter 4: Key Trends in Next-Generation HetNet Infrastructure    108
4.1    RAN Disaggregation: Blurring the Lines Between Small Cells and C-RAN    108
4.1.1    Fully Centralized Baseband Processing: PHY-RF Split    109
4.1.2    Partially Centralized Functional Splits    111
4.1.2.1    Intra-PHY Split    111
4.1.2.2    MAC-PHY Split    112
4.1.2.3    Intra-MAC Split    112
4.1.2.4    RLC-MAC Split    112
4.1.2.5    Intra-RLC Split    113
4.1.2.6    PDCP-RLC Split    113
4.1.2.7    RRC-PDCP Split    113
4.2    Small Cell Virtualization    114
4.2.1    Overview of RAN Virtualization    114
4.2.2    Why Virtualize Small Cells?    115
4.2.3    Next-Generation Small Cells: Hardware vs. Software-Based Architecture    116
4.2.3.1    Performance    117
4.2.3.2    Cost    118
4.2.3.3    Other Market Factors    119
4.2.4    Review of Existing Virtualized Small Cell Deployments    120
4.3    Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage    121
4.3.1    Bringing the Simplicity of Wi-Fi to LTE & 5G Small Cells    121
4.3.2    Key Technology Options for Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation    121
4.3.2.1    LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing    121
4.3.2.2    SAS (Spectrum Access System): Three-Tiered Sharing    122
4.3.2.3    LAA (License Assisted Access) & LTE-U: Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation    124
4.3.2.4    New Mechanisms for 60 GHz Unlicensed Spectrum Sharing    125
4.3.2.5    MulteFire    126
4.3.2.6    LWA (LTE – Wi-Fi Link Aggregation)    126
4.3.2.7    LWIP (LTE WLAN integration with IPSec Tunnel)    127
4.3.2.8    MPTCP Based LTE – Wi-Fi Aggregation    127
4.3.3    Commercial Status    127
4.4    Neutral Hosting    128
4.4.1    A Win-Win for Mobile Operators and Hosts    128
4.4.2    Moving Towards Multi-Operator Small Cells    128
4.4.2.1    Commercial Multi-Operator Small Cell Offerings    129
4.4.2.2    Disruptive DAS Products    129
4.4.3    Synergies with Spectrum Sharing & Small Cell Virtualization    129
4.5    Moving Towards Higher Frequencies    130
4.5.1    Higher Frequency & Millimeter Wave Small Cells    130
4.5.2    Potential Usage of 60 GHz WiGig Technology    131
4.6    Small Cells for Rural Coverage    131
4.6.1    Review of Mobile Operator Commitments    131
4.6.2    How Are Vendors Addressing the Market?    133
4.6.3    How Big is the Opportunity?    133
4.7    Other Trends    134
4.7.1    UDN (Ultra Dense Networks)    134
4.7.2    MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)    135
4.7.3    FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)    135
4.7.4    Multi-Site Connectivity, Carrier Aggregation & User Centric Cell Access    137
4.7.5    Control and User Plane Separation    137
4.7.6    Small Cells for Dedicated IoT Applications    138
4.7.7    Network Slicing    138
        
5    Chapter 5: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain    140
5.1    HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2017 – 2030    140
5.1.1    2017 – 2020: Large Scale Small Cell, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS Rollouts    140
5.1.2    2020 – 2025: Moving Towards Virtualized & Shared Spectrum Small Cells    141
5.1.3    2025 – 2030: Continued Densification with 5G Network Rollouts    141
5.2    HetNet Value Chain    142
5.3    Embedded Technology Ecosystem    142
5.3.1    Chipset Developers    142
5.3.2    Embedded Component/Software Providers    142
5.4    RAN Ecosystem    144
5.4.1    Macrocell RAN OEMs    144
5.4.2    Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs    144
5.4.3    Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs    144
5.4.4    DAS & Repeater Solution Providers    145
5.4.5    C-RAN Solution Providers    145
5.4.6    Other Technology Providers    145
5.5    Transport Networking Ecosystem    145
5.5.1    Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers    145
5.6    Mobile Core Ecosystem    146
5.6.1    Mobile Core Solution Providers    146
5.7    Connectivity Ecosystem    146
5.7.1    Mobile Operators    146
5.7.2    Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers    146
5.7.3    SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service) Providers    147
5.8    SON Ecosystem    147
5.8.1    SON Solution Providers    147
5.9    SDN & NFV Ecosystem    147
5.9.1    SDN & NFV Providers    147
        
6    Chapter 6: HetNet Deployment Models, Use Cases & Vertical Markets    148
6.1    Deployment Models    148
6.1.1    Indoor    148
6.1.2    Outdoor    149
6.2    Use Cases    150
6.2.1    Residential    150
6.2.2    Enterprise    150
6.2.3    Urban    151
6.2.4    Rural & Suburban    151
6.3    Service Models for Carrier Wi-Fi    152
6.3.1    Mobile Offload    152
6.3.2    Wholesale & Other Approaches    152
6.4    SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service)    153
6.4.1    Addressing the Logistical Challenges of Small Cell Rollouts    153
6.4.2    Cost & Structural Efficiencies    153
6.4.3    How Big is the Opportunity for SCaaS Providers?    154
6.4.4    Major SCaaS Commitments    155
6.4.4.1    BT Group    155
6.4.4.2    Cellcom (New-Cell)    156
6.4.4.3    ClearSky Technologies    156
6.4.4.4    Cloudberry Mobile    156
6.4.4.5    Colt Technology Services Group    157
6.4.4.6    Cox Communications    157
6.4.4.7    Towerstream Corporation    157
6.4.4.8    Virgin Media    158
6.4.4.9    Luminet    158
6.4.4.10    Zayo Group    158
6.4.4.11    Offerings from the Vendor Community    159
6.5    Key Vertical Markets    159
6.5.1    Agriculture    159
6.5.2    Construction    159
6.5.3    Education    160
6.5.4    Energy & Utilities    160
6.5.5    Enterprises    161
6.5.6    Healthcare    161
6.5.7    Military    162
6.5.8    Public Safety & Emergency Services    162
6.5.9    Public Venues    162
6.5.10    Residential    163
6.5.11    Retail & Hospitality    163
        
7    Chapter 7: HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul    164
7.1    Small Cell Backhaul Technology    164
7.1.1    DSL    164
7.1.2    Ethernet    164
7.1.3    Microwave    165
7.1.4    Millimeter Wave    166
7.1.5    Satellite    166
7.1.6    Fiber & Others    166
7.2    C-RAN Fronthaul Technology    167
7.2.1    Dedicated Fiber (Dark Fiber)    167
7.2.2    WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)    167
7.2.3    PON (Passive Optical Network)    168
7.2.4    OTN (Optical Transport Network)    168
7.2.5    Ethernet    168
7.2.6    G.Fast    168
7.2.7    Microwave    169
7.2.8    Millimeter Wave    169
7.3    Requirements for HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul    169
7.3.1    Form Factor & Environmental Hardening    169
7.3.2    Power Supply & Consumption    169
7.3.3    Installation & Provisioning    170
7.3.4    Integration of OAM and SON Capabilities    170
7.3.5    Deployment & Maintenance Cost    170
7.4    Key Issues    170
7.4.1    Backhaul Sharing: Can Small Cells and Macrocells Share Resources?    170
7.4.2    Coverage Challenges    171
7.4.3    Capacity/Peak Throughput Challenges    171
7.4.4    Will Millimeter Wave be the Preferred Outdoor Small Cell Backhaul Solution?    171
7.4.5    Is Fronthaul the Bottleneck to C-RAN Rollouts?    172
7.4.6    Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution for C-RAN Fronthaul?    172
7.4.7    Is there a Market for Satellite based HetNet Transport?    172
7.4.8    Assessing the Impact of the SCaaS Ecosystem    173
        
8    Chapter 8: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives    174
8.1    3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)    174
8.1.1    Small Cell Standardization    174
8.1.2    Additional Small Cell & HetNet Enhancements    175
8.1.3    Functional Splits for C-RAN Implementation in 5G Networks    176
8.2    3GPP2 (3rd Generation Partnership Project 2) & MDG (Mobility Development Group)    177
8.2.1    HetNet Standardization Activities    177
8.3    Broadband Forum    178
8.3.1    TR-069 & TR-196 for Small Cell Management    178
8.3.2    Broadband 20/20 Vision: Convergence of 5G Mobile & Fixed Networks    178
8.3.3    Other Efforts Related to HetNets    179
8.4    CableLabs    179
8.4.1    Research on High Capacity Millimeter Wave Small Cells    179
8.4.2    Unlicensed and Shared Spectrum LTE for the Cable Industry    179
8.4.3    Other Work Relevant to 5G  & HetNet Infrastructure    180
8.5    CBRS Alliance    180
8.5.1    Ecosystem Development for LTE-Based CBRS Solutions    180
8.6    CPRI Initiative    181
8.6.1    CPRI Releases 1.4 to 7.0 for 3G & LTE Fronthaul    181
8.6.2    eCPRI for 5G Fronthaul    181
8.7    DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)    182
8.7.1    Dynamic Spectrum Sharing for 5G and LTE Networks    182
8.8    ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)    183
8.8.1    Small Cell Testing    183
8.8.2    ORI for Fronthaul    183
8.8.3    NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) for vRAN and Virtualized Small Cells    184
8.8.4    MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing)    185
8.8.5    Millimeter Wave Transmission & Other Work    186
8.9    EVOLVE    186
8.9.1    LTE-U and LAA Advocacy Efforts    186
8.10    GSMA    187
8.10.1    TS.22: Recommendations for Minimum Wi-Fi Capabilities of Terminals    187
8.10.2    IR.61: Wi-Fi Roaming Guidelines    188
8.10.3    IR.51 & NG.106: IMS over Wi-Fi    188
8.10.4    Policy Recommendations for Small Cell Deployments    189
8.10.5    5G Program & Spectrum Policy    189
8.11    GTI    190
8.11.1    HetNets & Small Cells in TD-LTE Development & Evolution    190
8.11.2    5G Innovation Program    191
8.12    IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)    191
8.12.1    IEEE 802.11 WLAN Standard & Revisions    191
8.12.2    IEEE 802.1CM: TSN (Time-Sensitive Networking) for Fronthaul    192
8.12.3    IEEE P1904.3: Standard for RoE (Radio over Ethernet) Encapsulations and Mappings    193
8.12.4    IEEE 1914: NGFI (Next Generation Fronthaul Interface) Working Group    194
8.12.5    Contribution to 5G Standards Development    194
8.12.6    Other Standards & Work Groups    195
8.13    ITU (International Telecommunications Union)    195
8.13.3    FG IMT-2020 (Focus Group on IMT-2020)    197
8.13.4    Spectrum Allocation    198
8.14    LTE-U Forum    198
8.14.1    LTE-U Technical Specifications    198
8.15    MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum)    199
8.15.1    Ethernet Transport for Small Cells & C-RAN    199
8.16    MulteFire Alliance    200
8.16.1    MulteFire Release 1.0 Specification    200
8.17    NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance    201
8.17.1    P-CRAN (Project Centralized RAN)    201
8.17.2    Small Cell Project    202
8.17.3    RAN Evolution Project    202
8.17.4    5G Work Program & Other Work    202
8.19    ONF (Open Networking Foundation) & ON.Lab (Open Networking Lab)    204
8.20    OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)    206
8.20.1    LTE vRAN Implementation    206
8.21    SCF (Small Cell Forum)    207
8.21.1    Release 1: Residential Small Cells    208
8.21.2    Release 2: Enterprise Small Cells    208
8.21.3    Releases 3 & 4: Urban Small Cells    208
8.21.4    Release 5: Rural & Remote Small Cells    209
8.21.5    Release 6: Smart Enterprise Small Cells    210
8.21.6    Release 7: HetNet Foundations    210
8.21.7    Release 8: Small Cell Virtualization    211
8.21.8    Release 9: Network Densification and Evolution to 5G    212
8.22    TIP (Telecom Infra Project)    213
8.22.1    OpenCellular – Wireless Access Design Platform    213
8.22.2    Solutions Integration – Unbundled RAN Architecture    214
8.22.3    Edge Computing    215
8.22.4    vRAN Fronthaul    215
8.22.5    Open Optical Packet Transport    215
8.22.6    Mobile Core Optimization    216
8.22.7    Greenfield Telecom Networks    216
8.22.8    Other Projects    216
8.23    WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)    217
8.23.1    Carrier Wi-Fi Services Program    217
8.23.2    Next Generation Wireless Program    220
8.24    WIA (Wireless Infrastructure Association)    221
8.24.1    HetNet Forum    221
8.24.2    Other Work    222
8.25    Wi-Fi Alliance    222
8.25.1    Hotspot 2.0 & Passpoint Certification Program    222
8.25.2    Positioning WiGig as a 5G Technology    223
8.25.3    Wi-Fi Spectrum Advocacy Efforts & Other Programs    223
8.26    WiFiForward    224
8.26.1    Wi-Fi Spectrum Advocacy Efforts    224
8.27    WiMAX Forum    224
8.27.1    WiMAX Small Cells    225
8.28    WinnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)    225
8.28.1    Spectrum Sharing Specifications for LTE & 5G Networks    225
        
9    Chapter 9: Service Provider Case Studies    227
9.1    América Móvil Group    227
9.1.1    Overview    227
9.1.2    Key Vendors    227
9.1.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    227
9.2    AT&T    229
9.2.1    Overview    229
9.2.2    Key Vendors    229
9.2.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    229
9.3    Axiata Group    231
9.3.1    Overview    231
9.3.2    Key Vendors    231
9.3.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    231
9.4    Bharti Airtel    232
9.4.1    Overview    232
9.4.2    Key Vendors    232
9.4.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    232
9.5    Boingo Wireless    233
9.5.1    Overview    233
9.5.2    Key Vendors    233
9.5.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    233
9.6    BT Group    235
9.6.1    Overview    235
9.6.2    Key Vendors    235
9.6.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    235
9.7    China Mobile    237
9.7.1    Overview    237
9.7.2    Key Vendors    237
9.7.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    237
9.8    China Telecom    239
9.8.1    Overview    239
9.8.2    Key Vendors    239
9.8.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    239
9.9    China Unicom    241
9.9.1    Overview    241
9.9.2    Key Vendors    241
9.9.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    241
9.10    Chunghwa Telecom    242
9.10.1    Overview    242
9.10.2    Key Vendors    242
9.10.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    242
9.11    DT (Deutsche Telekom)    243
9.11.1    Overview    243
9.11.2    Key Vendors    243
9.11.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    243
9.12    Fon    244
9.12.1    Overview    244
9.12.2    Key Vendors    244
9.12.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    244
9.13    KDDI Corporation    246
9.13.1    Overview    246
9.13.2    Key Vendors    246
9.13.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    246
9.14    KPN    247
9.14.1    Overview    247
9.14.2    Key Vendors    247
9.14.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    247
9.15    KT Corporation    248
9.15.1    Overview    248
9.15.2    Key Vendors    248
9.15.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    248
9.16    LG Uplus    250
9.16.1    Overview    250
9.16.2    Key Vendors    250
9.16.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    250
9.17    MegaFon    252
9.17.1    Overview    252
9.17.2    Key Vendors    252
9.17.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    252
9.18    MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)    253
9.18.1    Overview    253
9.18.2    Key Vendors    253
9.18.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    253
9.19    NTT DoCoMo    254
9.19.1    Overview    254
9.19.2    Key Vendors    254
9.19.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    254
9.20    Orange    256
9.20.1    Overview    256
9.20.2    Key Vendors    256
9.20.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    256
9.21    SFR    258
9.21.1    Overview    258
9.21.2    Key Vendors    258
9.21.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    258
9.22    Singtel    259
9.22.1    Overview    259
9.22.2    Key Vendors    259
9.22.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    259
9.23    SK Telecom    261
9.23.1    Overview    261
9.23.2    Key Vendors    261
9.23.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    261
9.24    SoftBank Group    264
9.24.1    Overview    264
9.24.2    Key Vendors    264
9.24.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    264
9.25    Sprint Corporation    267
9.25.1    Overview    267
9.25.2    Key Vendors    267
9.25.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    267
9.26    Telefónica Group    269
9.26.1    Overview    269
9.26.2    Key Vendors    269
9.26.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    269
9.27    Telenor Group    271
9.27.1    Overview    271
9.27.2    Key Vendors    271
9.27.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    271
9.28    Telia Company    272
9.28.1    Overview    272
9.28.2    Key Vendors    272
9.28.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    272
9.29    Telstra    273
9.29.1    Overview    273
9.29.2    Key Vendors    273
9.29.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    273
9.30    Telus Corporation    274
9.30.1    Overview    274
9.30.2    Key Vendors    274
9.30.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    274
9.31    TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)    276
9.31.1    Overview    276
9.31.2    Key Vendors    276
9.31.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    276
9.32    VEON    278
9.32.1    Overview    278
9.32.2    Key Vendors    278
9.32.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    278
9.33    Verizon Communications    280
9.33.1    Overview    280
9.33.2    Key Vendors    280
9.33.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    280
9.34    Vodafone Group    282
9.34.1    Overview    282
9.34.2    Key Vendors    282
9.34.3    HetNet Deployment Summary    282
        
10    Chapter 10: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents    284
10.1    Cisco Systems    284
10.2    Datang Mobile    287
10.3    Ericsson    288
10.4    FiberHome Technologies    291
10.5    Fujitsu    292
10.6    Huawei    294
10.7    NEC Corporation    296
10.8    Nokia Networks    298
10.9    Samsung Electronics    301
10.10    ZTE    304
        
11    Chapter 11: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists    307
11.1    6Harmonics    307
11.2    Accelleran    308
11.3    Adax    309
11.4    ADB    310
11.5    Affirmed Networks    311
11.6    Air-Lynx    312
11.7    Airspan Networks    313
11.8    Alpha Networks    315
11.9    Altiostar Networks    316
11.10    Arcadyan Technology Corporation    317
11.11    Argela    318
11.12    Artemis Networks    320
11.13    Aselan    321
11.14    Askey Computer Corporation    322
11.15    ASOCS    323
11.16    Athonet    324
11.17    AttoCore    325
11.18    Baicells Technologies    326
11.19    Brocade Communications Systems    327
11.20    Casa Systems    328
11.21    CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)    329
11.22    cellXica    330
11.23    CND (Core Network Dynamics)    331
11.24    Collinear Networks    333
11.25    Contela    334
11.26    CS Corporation    335
11.27    Delta Electronics    336
11.28    Druid Software    337
11.29    EION Wireless    338
11.30    Expeto Wireless    339
11.31    Facebook    340
11.32    Fairwaves    343
11.33    Fujian Sunnada Network Technology    345
11.34    Gemtek Technology    346
11.35    GENBAND    347
11.36    General Dynamics Mission Systems    348
11.37    GIKO GROUP Telecomunicaciones    349
11.38    Google    350
11.39    Guangzhou Iplook Technologies    352
11.40    GWT (Global Wireless Technologies)    353
11.41    Harris Corporation    354
11.42    Hitachi    355
11.43    IDY Corporation    356
11.44    InnoWireless    357
11.45    ip.access    359
11.46    JRC (Japan Radio Company)    361
11.47    Juni Global    362
11.48    Kleos    363
11.49    Lemko Corporation    364
11.50    LGS Innovations    365
11.51    Luminate Wireless    366
11.52    Mavenir Systems    367
11.53    MitraStar Technology Corporation    369
11.54    Moseley Associates    370
11.55    Netas    371
11.56    New Postcom Equipment    372
11.57    NewNet Mobile Communications    373
11.58    NuRAN Wireless    374
11.59    Oceus Networks    376
11.60    Omoco    378
11.61    OpenCell    379
11.62    Panda Electronics Group    380
11.63    Parallel Wireless    381
11.64    Phluido    382
11.65    PMN (Private Mobile Networks)    384
11.66    Polaris Networks    385
11.67    Potevio    386
11.68    Quanta Computer    387
11.69    Qucell    388
11.70    Quortus    389
11.71    Range Networks    390
11.72    Redline Communications    391
11.73    Sagemcom    392
11.74    Samji Electronics    393
11.75    SerComm Corporation    394
11.76    SiRRAN Communications    395
11.77    Sistelbanda    396
11.78    SITRONICS    397
11.79    SK Telesys    398
11.80    Sonus Networks    399
11.81    Sooktha    400
11.82    SpiderCloud Wireless    401
11.83    Star Solutions    403
11.84    Starry    405
11.85    Technicolor    406
11.86    Tecom    407
11.87    Tecore Networks    408
11.88    TEKTELIC Communications    409
11.89    Telrad Networks    411
11.90    Telum    412
11.91    Tropico    413
11.92    Vanu    414
11.93    VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited)    416
11.94    WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)    417
11.95    WTL (World Telecom Labs)    418
11.96    Wytec International    419
11.97    Z-Com    420
        
12    Chapter 12: Antenna, DAS, RRH, Repeater & Site Solution Specialists    421
12.1    AAS (Amphenol Antenna Solutions)    421
12.2    Ace Technologies Corporation    423
12.3    AceAxis    424
12.4    ACOME    425
12.5    ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)    426
12.6    Alpha Wireless    427
12.7    American Tower Corporation    428
12.8    Anertai Communications    429
12.9    Arqiva    430
12.10    Bird Technologies    431
12.11    Black Box Corporation    432
12.12    BlueWaveTel    433
12.13    Boomsense/Bangxun Technology    434
12.14    BTI Wireless    435
12.15    CCI (Communication Components, Inc.)    436
12.16    CCI Systems    438
12.17    Cellcomm Solutions    439
12.18    CellMax Technologies    440
12.19    Cellnex Telecom    441
12.20    Cobham Wireless    442
12.21    Comba Telecom    443
12.22    CommScope    444
12.23    Comtech Korea    446
12.24    Corning    447
12.25    Crown Castle International Corporation    448
12.26    Dali Wireless    449
12.27    DENGYO (Nihon Dengyo Kosaku)    450
12.28    DYNE TECH    451
12.29    Eahison Communication    452
12.30    Ethertronics    453
12.31    ExteNet Systems    454
12.32    Filtronic    455
12.33    Foshan Anderson Communication Equipment    456
12.34    Foxcom    457
12.35    Frog Cellsat    458
12.36    Fujian Helios Technologies    459
12.37    Galtronics Corporation    460
12.38    Gamma Nu    461
12.39    Goodman Networks    462
12.40    GRENTECH    463
12.41    Hansen Technology    464
12.42    Hefei Maniron Electronic and Technology    465
12.43    Hilinks Technology    466
12.44    HUBER+SUHNER    467
12.45    Impower Technology    468
12.46    Innertron    469
12.47    Jiangsu Hengxin Technology    470
12.48    Jiangsu Zhengkai Electronics Technology    471
12.49    JMA Wireless    472
12.50    JQL Electronics    473
12.51    Kaelus    474
12.52    Kathrein-Werke KG    475
12.53    Kisan Telecom    476
12.54    KMW    477
12.55    Maven Wireless    478
12.56    MER Group    479
12.57    Microlab    480
12.58    MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.)    481
12.59    MTI Wireless Edge    482
12.60    Nextivity    483
12.61    OFS    484
12.62    OZC (Optical Zonu Corporation)    485
12.63    Panorama Antennas    486
12.64    Raycap    487
12.65    RF MORECOM KOREA    488
12.66    RF Window    489
12.67    RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)    490
12.68    Rosenberger    491
12.69    R-TRON    492
12.70    Seontech    493
12.71    Shared Access    494
12.72    Shenzhen Huaptec    495
12.73    Shyam Telecom    496
12.74    Skybird Electronic Science & Technology    497
12.75    SOLiD    498
12.76    Sumitomo Electric Industries    499
12.77    Sunwave Solutions    500
12.78    Suzhou Hexagon Communication Technologies    501
12.79    Telnet Redes Inteligentes    502
12.80    TESSCO Technologies    503
12.81    Westell Technologies    504
12.82    Wevercomm    505
12.83    Wilson Electronics    506
12.84    Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology    507
12.85    Wuhan Gewei Electronic Technologies    508
12.86    Zinwave    509
        
13    Chapter 13: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists    510
13.1    4ipnet    510
13.2    ABB    511
13.3    Accuris Networks    512
13.4    Aerohive Networks    513
13.5    Altai Technologies    514
13.6    Alvarion Technologies    515
13.7    Aptilo Networks    516
13.8    Aruba Networks    517
13.9    Autelan    518
13.10    BandwidthX    519
13.11    Browan Communications    520
13.12    BSG Wireless    521
13.13    Carnegie Technologies    522
13.14    D-Link Corporation    523
13.15    Edgewater Wireless Systems    524
13.16    Firetide    525
13.17    Fortinet    526
13.18    GoNet Systems    527
13.19    Handlink Technologies    528
13.20    Kyrio    529
13.21    LigoWave    530
13.22    Linksys    531
13.23    Mojo Networks    532
13.24    NETGEAR    533
13.25    Nomadix    534
13.26    Ruckus Wireless    535
13.27    Senao Networks    536
13.28    Smith Micro Software    537
13.29    Syniverse Technologies    539
13.30    TP-LINK Technologies    540
13.31    Tranzeo Wireless Technologies    541
13.32    TruConnect Technologies    542
13.33    Ubiquiti Networks    543
13.34    Zyxel Communications Corporation    544
        
14    Chapter 14: Enabling & Complementary Technology Providers    545
14.1    6WIND    545
14.2    Accedian Networks    546
14.3    Accelink Technologies Corporation    547
14.4    Accuver    548
14.5    ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)    549
14.6    ADLINK Technology    550
14.7    Advantech    551
14.8    Affarii Technologies    552
14.9    Airgain    553
14.10    AirHop Communications    554
14.11    Airrays    555
14.12    AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation)    556
14.13    Akoustis Technologies    557
14.14    ALBEDO Telecom    558
14.15    Allot Communications    559
14.16    Altran    560
14.17    Amarisoft    561
14.18    Amdocs    562
14.19    Anritsu Corporation    563
14.20    Aquantia Corporation    564
14.21    Aricent    566
14.22    ARM Holdings    567
14.23    Artesyn Embedded Technologies    568
14.24    Artiza Networks    569
14.25    Astellia    570
14.26    ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)    571
14.27    ATDI    572
14.28    Azcom Technology    573
14.29    Benetel    574
14.30    Blu Wireless Technology    575
14.31    Blue Danube Systems    576
14.32    BoostEdge    577
14.33    Broadcom    578
14.34    C Squared Systems    580
14.35    Cadence Design Systems    581
14.36    Cambridge Consultants    582
14.37    Cavium    583
14.38    CeedTec    585
14.39    CellMining    586
14.40    Cellwize Wireless Technologies    587
14.41    CelPlan Technologies    588
14.42    Celtro    589
14.43    CEVA    590
14.44    Clavister    591
14.45    Cohere Technologies    592
14.46    Coherent Logix    594
14.47    Collision Communications    595
14.48    Comcores    596
14.49    CommAgility    597
14.50    Creanord    598
14.51    D2 Technologies    599
14.52    Dell Technologies    600
14.53    DigitalGlobe    601
14.54    Direct Beam    602
14.55    eASIC Corporation    603
14.56    EDX Wireless    604
14.57    ENENSYS Technologies    605
14.58    Eoptolink Technology    606
14.59    Ercom    607
14.60    Ethernity Networks    608
14.61    ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)    610
14.62    EXFO    611
14.63    Expway    612
14.64    Faraday Technology Corporation    613
14.65    Federated Wireless    614
14.66    Finisar Corporation    615
14.67    Flash Networks    616
14.68    Flex Logix Technologies    617
14.69    Forsk    618
14.70    Fraunhofer FOKUS  (Institute for Open Communication Systems)    619
14.71    Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)    620
14.72    Furuno Electric    621
14.73    Galgus    622
14.74    GenXComm    623
14.75    GigaLight    624
14.76    GlobalFoundries    625
14.77    HCL Technologies    626
14.78    Hisense    627
14.79    HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)    628
14.80    IBM Corporation    629
14.81    iBwave Solutions    631
14.82    IDT (Integrated Device Technology)    632
14.83    IM Technology    633
14.84    Imec International    634
14.85    Infineon Technologies    635
14.86    InfoVista    636
14.87    InnoLight Technology    637
14.88    Intel Corporation    638
14.89    InterDigital    640
14.90    IP Light    641
14.91    iPosi    642
14.92    IS-Wireless    643
14.93    ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)    645
14.94    Juniper Networks    646
14.95    Keima    648
14.96    Keysight Technologies    649
14.97    Koonsys Radiocommunications    651
14.98    Kumu Networks    652
14.99    Lattice Semiconductor    653
14.100    Lime Microsystems    654
14.101    Linker Networks    655
14.102    Lumentum    656
14.103    LuxCarta    657
14.104    MACOM Technology Solutions Holdings    658
14.105    Maja Systems    660
14.106    Mathworks    661
14.107    Maxim Integrated    662
14.108    MaxLinear    663
14.109    Mellanox Technologies    664
14.110    Microsemi Corporation    666
14.111    Mitsubishi Electric Corporation    668
14.112    Mobiveil    670
14.113    Molex    671
14.114    Mosaik    673
14.115    Multiwave Sensors    674
14.116    N.A.T.    675
14.117    Nash Technologies    676
14.118    Netonomics    677
14.119    NETSCOUT Systems    678
14.120    NI (National Instruments)    679
14.121    Node-H    681
14.122    Nomor Research    682
14.123    NXP Semiconductors    683
14.124    Octasic    684
14.125    OE Solutions    685
14.126    Optulink    686
14.127    P.I. Works    687
14.128    Panasonic Corporation    688
14.129    Peraso Technologies    690
14.130    Plasma Antennas    691
14.131    Pletronics    692
14.132    Polystar    693
14.133    PRISMA Telecom Testing    694
14.134    Procera Networks    695
14.135    pureLiFi    696
14.136    Qorvo    697
14.137    Qualcomm    698
14.138    Qulsar    700
14.139    Qwilt    701
14.140    RADCOM    702
14.141    Radio Gigabit    703
14.142    Radisys Corporation    704
14.143    Rakon    705
14.144    Ranplan Wireless Network Design    706
14.145    Red Hat    707
14.146    RED Technologies    708
14.147    RF DSP    710
14.148    Rivada Networks    711
14.149    Rohde & Schwarz    713
14.150    Saguna Networks    714
14.151    SAI Technology    715
14.152    Sarokal Test Systems    716
14.153    SAT (Smart Antenna Technologies)    717
14.154    Sevis Systems    718
14.155    SevOne    719
14.156    Silicon Labs (Silicon Laboratories)    721
14.157    SIRADEL    722
14.158    Sivers IMA    723
14.159    Skyworks Solutions    724
14.160    Source Photonics    725
14.161    Space Data Corporation    726
14.162    SRS (Software Radio Systems)    727
14.163    STMicroelectronics    728
14.164    Tata Elxsi    729
14.165    Tech Mahindra    730
14.166    TEOCO Corporation    731
14.167    TI (Texas Instruments)    732
14.168    Tieto Corporation    733
14.169    TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)    734
14.170    TTP (The Technology Partnership)    735
14.171    Tulinx    736
14.172    U-blox    737
14.173    Vasona Networks    738
14.174    Vectron International    739
14.175    Vencore Labs    740
14.176    Viavi Solutions    741
14.177    Virtuosys    743
14.178    VMware    744
14.179    WiPro    745
14.180    Wireless Telecom Group    746
14.181    WiSig Networks    747
14.182    XCellAir    748
14.183    Xelic    749
14.184    Xilinx    750
        
15    Chapter 15: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers    752
15.1    3Roam    752
15.2    4RF    753
15.3    Actelis Networks    754
15.4    Actiontec Electronics    755
15.5    Actus Networks    756
15.6    ADTRAN    757
15.7    ADVA Optical Networking    758
15.8    Advantech Wireless    759
15.9    ALAXALA Networks Corporation    760
15.10    Albis-Elcon    761
15.11    ALCOMA    762
15.12    Allied Data Technologies    763
15.13    Allied Telesis    764
15.14    APRESIA Systems    765
15.15    ARRIS International    766
15.16    Avanti Communications Group    767
15.17    Aviat Networks    768
15.18    AVM (AVM Computersysteme Vertriebs)    769
15.19    BluWan    770
15.20    BridgeWave Communications    771
15.21    CableFree (Wireless Excellence)    772
15.22    Calix    773
15.23    Cambium Networks    774
15.24    Canoga Perkins Corporation    775
15.25    Carlson Wireless Technologies    776
15.26    CarrierComm    777
15.27    CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.)    778
15.28    CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems)    779
15.29    Ceragon Networks    780
15.30    Cielo Networks    781
15.31    Ciena Corporation    782
15.32    Comtech EF Data Corporation    784
15.33    Comtrend Corporation    785
15.34    Corecess    786
15.35    Coriant    787
15.36    DASAN Zhone Solutions    788
15.37    DragonWave    789
15.38    E-Band Communications    790
15.39    EBlink    791
15.40    ECI Telecom    792
15.41    Ekinops    793
15.42    ELVA-1    794
15.43    Eutelsat  Communications    795
15.44    Exalt Wireless    796
15.45    Extreme Networks    797
15.46    FastBack Networks    798
15.47    FibroLan    799
15.48    Furukawa Electric Group    800
15.49    Genmix Technology    801
15.50    Gilat Satellite Networks    802
15.51    HFR    803
15.52    Huahuan    804
15.53    Hughes Network Systems    805
15.54    HXI    806
15.55    InCoax    807
15.56    Infinera    808
15.57    InfiNet Wireless    810
15.58    Inmarsat    811
15.59    Intelsat    812
15.60    Intracom Telecom    813
15.61    IPITEK    814
15.62    Iskratel    815
15.63    KEYMILE    816
15.64    Ligado Networks    817
15.65    LightPointe Communications    818
15.66    Lindsay Broadband    819
15.67    Loea Corporation    820
15.68    MAX4G    821
15.69    Microwave Networks    822
15.70    MIMOtech    823
15.71    MRV Communications    824
15.72    Nexcomm Systems    825
15.73    NexxCom Wireless    826
15.74    Omnitron Systems    827
15.75    OneAccess Networks    828
15.76    OneWeb    829
15.77    Patton Electronics    830
15.78    Polewall    831
15.79    Positron    832
15.80    Proxim Wireless Corporation    833
15.81    RACOM    834
15.82    RAD Data Communications    835
15.83    RADWIN    836
15.84    Raisecom    837
15.85    REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks    838
15.86    SAF Tehnika    839
15.87    SES    840
15.88    Shyam Networks    842
15.89    SIAE Microelectronica    843
15.90    Siklu Communication    844
15.91    SkyFiber    845
15.92    SMC Networks    846
15.93    Solectek Corporation    847
15.94    Spectronite    848
15.95    Star Microwave    849
15.96    Tarana Wireless    850
15.97    Telco Systems    851
15.98    Tellion    852
15.99    Tellumat    853
15.100    Telsey    854
15.101    Thuraya Telecommunications Company    855
15.102    Tilgin    856
15.103    Trango Systems    857
15.104    Transition Networks    858
15.105    Ubiquoss    859
15.106    UTStarcom    860
15.107    ViaSat    861
15.108    VT iDirect    862
15.109    Vubiq Networks    863
15.110    Wave1    864
15.111    Wavesight    865
15.112    XAVi Technologies Corporation    866
15.113    Yamaha Corporation    867
        
16    Chapter 16: Market Analysis and Forecasts    868
16.1    Global Outlook for HetNet Infrastructure Investments    868
16.2    Small Cells    869
16.2.1    Segmentation by Use Case    870
16.2.1.1    Residential    871
16.2.1.2    Enterprise    872
16.2.1.3    Urban    873
16.2.1.4    Rural & Suburban    874
16.2.2    Segmentation by Form Factor    875
16.2.2.1    Femtocells    876
16.2.2.2    Picocells    877
16.2.2.3    Microcells    878
16.2.3    Segmentation by Air Interface Technology    879
16.2.3.1    2G & 3G    880
16.2.3.2    LTE    881
16.2.3.3    5G NR    882
16.2.4    Segmentation by Deployment Model    883
16.2.4.1    Indoor    884
16.2.4.2    Outdoor    885
16.2.5    Segmentation by RAN Architecture    886
16.2.5.1    Standalone    887
16.2.5.2    C-RAN    888
16.3    Small Cell Backhaul    889
16.3.1    Segmentation by Technology    889
16.3.1.1    DSL    890
16.3.1.2    Ethernet    890
16.3.1.3    Microwave    891
16.3.1.4    Millimeter Wave    891
16.3.1.5    Satellite    892
16.3.1.6    Fiber & Others    892
16.4    Carrier Wi-Fi    893
16.4.1    Segmentation by Submarket    893
16.4.1.1    Access Points    894
16.4.1.2    Access Point Controllers    895
16.4.2    Segmentation by Integration Approach    896
16.4.2.1    Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots    897
16.4.2.2    Managed Wi-Fi Offload    898
16.5    C-RAN    899
16.5.1    Segmentation by Submarket    899
16.5.1.1    RRHs    900
16.5.1.2    BBUs    901
16.5.2    Segmentation by Air Interface Technology    902
16.5.2.1    3G & LTE    904
16.5.2.2    5G NR    907
16.5.3    Segmentation by Deployment Model    910
16.5.3.1    Indoor    911
16.5.3.2    Outdoor    912
16.5.4    Segmentation by Cell Size    913
16.5.4.1    Small Cells    914
16.5.4.2    Macrocells    915
16.6    C-RAN Fronthaul    916
16.6.1    Segmentation by Technology    916
16.6.1.1    Dedicated Fiber    917
16.6.1.2    WDM    917
16.6.1.3    OTN & PON    918
16.6.1.4    Ethernet    918
16.6.1.5    Microwave    919
16.6.1.6    Millimeter Wave    919
16.6.1.7    G.Fast & Others    920
16.7    DAS    921
16.7.1    Segmentation by Deployment Model    922
16.7.1.1    Indoor    923
16.7.1.2    Outdoor    924
16.8    Segmentation by Region    925
16.8.1    Small Cells    926
16.8.2    Small Cell Backhaul    927
16.8.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    927
16.8.4    C-RAN    929
16.8.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    931
16.8.6    DAS    932
16.9    Asia Pacific    933
16.9.1    Small Cells    934
16.9.2    Small Cell Backhaul    935
16.9.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    935
16.9.4    C-RAN    937
16.9.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    939
16.9.6    DAS    940
16.10    Eastern Europe    941
16.10.1    Small Cells    942
16.10.2    Small Cell Backhaul    943
16.10.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    943
16.10.4    C-RAN    945
16.10.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    947
16.10.6    DAS    948
16.11    Latin & Central America    949
16.11.1    Small Cells    950
16.11.2    Small Cell Backhaul    951
16.11.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    951
16.11.4    C-RAN    953
16.11.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    955
16.11.6    DAS    956
16.12    Middle East & Africa    957
16.12.1    Small Cells    958
16.12.2    Small Cell Backhaul    959
16.12.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    959
16.12.4    C-RAN    961
16.12.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    963
16.12.6    DAS    964
16.13    North America    965
16.13.1    Small Cells    966
16.13.2    Small Cell Backhaul    967
16.13.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    967
16.13.4    C-RAN    969
16.13.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    971
16.13.6    DAS    972
16.14    Western Europe    973
16.14.1    Small Cells    974
16.14.2    Small Cell Backhaul    975
16.14.3    Carrier Wi-Fi    975
16.14.4    C-RAN    977
16.14.5    C-RAN Fronthaul    979
16.14.6    DAS    980
        
17    Chapter 17: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations    981
17.1    Why is the Market Poised to Grow?    981
17.2    Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation    981
17.3    What is the TCO Impact of HetNet Deployments?    983
17.4    The Formula for Success: Selecting the Right Combination of HetNet Technologies    983
17.5    Offloading with TD-LTE Small Cells    984
17.6    The Emergence of Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cells    984
17.7    What are the Prospects of Cloud RAN & Virtualized Small Cells?    986
17.8    Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence    987
17.9    Accelerating the Transition to Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Networks    988
17.10    Standardization Driving RAN & Carrier Wi-Fi Integration    991
17.11    Prospects of Enterprise RAN Deployments    992
17.12    Network Visibility & OAM    993
17.13    Addressing Network Security: IPsec    994
17.14    Vendor Share Analysis    995
17.14.1    Small Cells    995
17.14.2    Carrier Wi-Fi    996
17.14.3    C-RAN    997
17.14.4    DAS    998
17.15    Strategic Recommendations    999
17.15.1    HetNet Infrastructure Vendors    999
17.15.2    Mobile Operators    1000
        

List of Figures        

    Figure 1: HetNet Architecture    65
    Figure 2: Small Cell Coverage Range Comparison    67
    Figure 3: Key Characteristics of Small Cells    68
    Figure 4: Mobile Network Data Offloading via Wi-Fi    70
    Figure 5: C-RAN Architecture    72
    Figure 6: Key RRH & BBU Functions    74
    Figure 7: Cloud RAN Concept    75
    Figure 8: Passive DAS Configuration    78
    Figure 9: Active DAS Configuration    79
    Figure 10: Hybrid DAS Configuration    80
    Figure 11: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Exabytes)    82
    Figure 12: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Exabytes)    83
    Figure 13: Iuh-Based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network    90
    Figure 14: Iub-Based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network    91
    Figure 15: S1 Interface-Based Small Cell Integration in an LTE Network    92
    Figure 16: High Level View for NextGen System Architecture    93
    Figure 17: CPRI Protocol Layers    94
    Figure 18: Global SON Technology Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    107
    Figure 19: RAN Functional Split Options    109
    Figure 20: Performance Comparison of RAN Functional Split Options    110
    Figure 21: vRAN Architecture    114
    Figure 22: Virtualized Small Cell Deployment Model    116
    Figure 23: TCO Comparison Between Conventional and Virtualized Small Cells ($ per GB)    118
    Figure 24: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Virtualization: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    119
    Figure 25: LSA (License Shared Access) Regulatory Architecture    122
    Figure 26: Transition to UDNs (Ultra-Dense Networks)    134
    Figure 27: 5G FWA (Fixed Wireless Access) Deployment Alternatives    136
    Figure 28: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks    139
    Figure 29: HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2017 – 2030    140
    Figure 30: HetNet Value Chain    143
    Figure 31: SCaaS (Small Cells-as-a-Service) Provider and Mobile Operator Responsibilities    154
    Figure 32: Global SCaaS  Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    155
    Figure 33: ETSI NFV Architecture    184
    Figure 34: 802.11 Family of Standards by Frequency and Range    192
    Figure 35: Comparison of IMT-2020 and IMT-Advanced Performance Requirements    196
    Figure 36: M-CORD Focus Areas    205
    Figure 37: Small Cell Forum's Release Publication Process    207
    Figure 38: nFAPI Interfaces    211
    Figure 39: China Mobile’s Cloud RAN Vision    238
    Figure 40: NTT DoCoMo’s Advanced C-RAN Architecture    255
    Figure 41: SK Telecom's SDRAN (Software Defined RAN) Architecture    263
    Figure 42: SoftBank's Virtualized Small Cell Trial    265
    Figure 43: Sprint's LTE UE Relay    268
    Figure 44: Global HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    868
    Figure 45: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    869
    Figure 46: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    869
    Figure 47: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    870
    Figure 48: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    870
    Figure 49: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    871
    Figure 50: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    871
    Figure 51: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    872
    Figure 52: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    872
    Figure 53: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    873
    Figure 54: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    873
    Figure 55: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    874
    Figure 56: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    874
    Figure 57: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    875
    Figure 58: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    875
    Figure 59: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    876
    Figure 60: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    876
    Figure 61: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    877
    Figure 62: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    877
    Figure 63: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    878
    Figure 64: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    878
    Figure 65: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    879
    Figure 66: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    879
    Figure 67: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    880
    Figure 68: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    880
    Figure 69: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    881
    Figure 70: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    881
    Figure 71: Global 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2019 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    882
    Figure 72: Global 5G NR Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 – 2030 ($ Million)    882
    Figure 73: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    883
    Figure 74: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    883
    Figure 75: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    884
    Figure 76: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    884
    Figure 77: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    885
    Figure 78: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    885
    Figure 79: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by RAN Architecture: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    886
    Figure 80: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by RAN Architecture: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    886
    Figure 81: Global Standalone Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    887
    Figure 82: Global Standalone Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    887
    Figure 83: Global C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    888
    Figure 84: Global C-RAN Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    888
    Figure 85: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    889
    Figure 86: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    889
    Figure 87: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    890
    Figure 88: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    890
    Figure 89: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    891
    Figure 90: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    891
    Figure 91: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    892
    Figure 92: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    892
    Figure 93: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    893
    Figure 94: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    893
    Figure 95: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    894
    Figure 96: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    894
    Figure 97: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    895
    Figure 98: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    895
    Figure 99: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    896
    Figure 100: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    896
    Figure 101: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    897
    Figure 102: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    897
    Figure 103: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    898
    Figure 104: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    898
    Figure 105: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    899
    Figure 106: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    899
    Figure 107: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    900
    Figure 108: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    900
    Figure 109: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    901
    Figure 110: Global C-RAN BBU  Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    901
    Figure 111: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    902
    Figure 112: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    902
    Figure 113: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    903
    Figure 114: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    903
    Figure 115: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    904
    Figure 116: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    904
    Figure 117: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    905
    Figure 118: Global 3G & LTE RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    905
    Figure 119: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    906
    Figure 120: Global 3G & LTE C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    906
    Figure 121: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G NR Networks: 2019 – 2030 ($ Million)    907
    Figure 122: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipments: 2019 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    907
    Figure 123: Global 5G NR RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2019 – 2030 ($ Million)    908
    Figure 124: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2019 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    908
    Figure 125: Global 5G NR C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 – 2030 ($ Million)    909
    Figure 126: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    910
    Figure 127: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    910
    Figure 128: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    911
    Figure 129: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    911
    Figure 130: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    912
    Figure 131: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    912
    Figure 132: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    913
    Figure 133: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    913
    Figure 134: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    914
    Figure 135: Global Small Cell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    914
    Figure 136: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    915
    Figure 137: Global Macrocell RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    915
    Figure 138: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    916
    Figure 139: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    916
    Figure 140: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    917
    Figure 141: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    917
    Figure 142: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    918
    Figure 143: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    918
    Figure 144: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    919
    Figure 145: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    919
    Figure 146: Global G.Fast & Other Technologies Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    920
    Figure 147: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    921
    Figure 148: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    921
    Figure 149: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    922
    Figure 150: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    922
    Figure 151: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    923
    Figure 152: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    923
    Figure 153: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    924
    Figure 154: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    924
    Figure 155: HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    925
    Figure 156: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    926
    Figure 157: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    926
    Figure 158: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    927
    Figure 159: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    927
    Figure 160: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    928
    Figure 161: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    928
    Figure 162: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    929
    Figure 163: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    929
    Figure 164: RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    930
    Figure 165: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    930
    Figure 166: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    931
    Figure 167: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    931
    Figure 168: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    932
    Figure 169: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    932
    Figure 170: Asia Pacific HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    933
    Figure 171: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    934
    Figure 172: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    934
    Figure 173: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    935
    Figure 174: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    935
    Figure 175: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    936
    Figure 176: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    936
    Figure 177: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    937
    Figure 178: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    937
    Figure 179: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    938
    Figure 180: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    938
    Figure 181: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    939
    Figure 182: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    939
    Figure 183: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    940
    Figure 184: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    940
    Figure 185: Eastern Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    941
    Figure 186: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    942
    Figure 187: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    942
    Figure 188: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    943
    Figure 189: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    943
    Figure 190: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    944
    Figure 191: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    944
    Figure 192: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    945
    Figure 193: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    945
    Figure 194: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    946
    Figure 195: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    946
    Figure 196: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    947
    Figure 197: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    947
    Figure 198: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    948
    Figure 199: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    948
    Figure 200: Latin & Central America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    949
    Figure 201: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    950
    Figure 202: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    950
    Figure 203: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    951
    Figure 204: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    951
    Figure 205: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    952
    Figure 206: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    952
    Figure 207: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    953
    Figure 208: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    953
    Figure 209: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    954
    Figure 210: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    954
    Figure 211: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    955
    Figure 212: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    955
    Figure 213: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    956
    Figure 214: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    956
    Figure 215: Middle East & Africa HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    957
    Figure 216: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    958
    Figure 217: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    958
    Figure 218: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    959
    Figure 219: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    959
    Figure 220: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    960
    Figure 221: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    960
    Figure 222: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    961
    Figure 223: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    961
    Figure 224: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    962
    Figure 225: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    962
    Figure 226: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    963
    Figure 227: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    963
    Figure 228: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    964
    Figure 229: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    964
    Figure 230: North America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    965
    Figure 231: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    966
    Figure 232: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    966
    Figure 233: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    967
    Figure 234: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    967
    Figure 235: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    968
    Figure 236: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    968
    Figure 237: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    969
    Figure 238: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    969
    Figure 239: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    970
    Figure 240: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    970
    Figure 241: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    971
    Figure 242: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    971
    Figure 243: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    972
    Figure 244: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    972
    Figure 245: Western Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    973
    Figure 246: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    974
    Figure 247: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    974
    Figure 248: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    975
    Figure 249: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    975
    Figure 250: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    976
    Figure 251: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    976
    Figure 252: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    977
    Figure 253: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    977
    Figure 254: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    978
    Figure 255: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    978
    Figure 256: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    979
    Figure 257: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    979
    Figure 258: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    980
    Figure 259: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    980
    Figure 260: Global Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    985
    Figure 261: Global Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    985
    Figure 262: Global Virtualized Small Cell Revenue by Submarket: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    986
    Figure 263: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN    987
    Figure 264: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    989
    Figure 265: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    990
    Figure 266: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2017 – 2030 (Thousands of Units)    991
    Figure 267: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2017 – 2030 ($ Million)    993
    Figure 268: Global Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)    995
    Figure 269: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)    996
    Figure 270: Global C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)    997
    Figure 271: Global DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2016 (%)    998
 

 

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プレスリリース

[プレスリリース原文]

HetNet infrastructure a $15 Billion opportunity, says SNS Research report

DUBAI, UAE. 19th June 2017: 

SNS Research's latest report indicates that mobile operators will spend more than $15 Billion on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN (Centralized RAN) and DAS (Distributed Antenna System) networks, by the end of 2017.

 
Driven by the growing demand for in-building wireless coverage and the huge influx of mobile data traffic, conventional macrocells alone are no longer deemed sufficient to handle the needs of today's wireless subscribers. In addition, the imminent adoption of centimeter and millimeter wave spectrum, to support higher data rates in 5G networks, necessitates the usage of much smaller cell sizes.

To cope with growing capacity and coverage requirements, mobile operators are significantly increasing their investments in a variety of Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure technologies such as strategically deployed small cells, carrier Wi-Fi and DAS networks. Adding further to the heterogeneity is the shift towards C-RAN (Centralized RAN) architecture, where centralized baseband functionality is shared across a large number of distributed radio nodes to deliver benefits such as resource pooling, multi-cell coordination, network extensibility and energy efficiency.
 
SNS Research estimates that global spending on small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN and DAS will reach more than $15 Billion by the end of 2017, as mobile operators remain committed to tackle the continued growth of mobile data traffic and evolving coverage requirements. At present, the HetNet market is facing a paradigm shift with multiple advancements ranging from small cell virtualization and neutral hosting to the adoption of unlicensed and shared spectrum. In conjunction with 5G and LTE Advanced network rollouts, these advancements will fuel the market to grow at a CAGR of over 18% between 2017 and 2020.
 
The “HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2017 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the HetNet ecosystem including enabling technologies, key trends, market drivers, challenges, standardization, regulatory landscape, deployment models, use cases, vertical markets, service provider case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents forecasts for HetNet infrastructure investments from 2017 till 2030. The forecasts cover 6 individual submarkets and 6 regions.
 
The research publication will be of value to current and future potential investors into the HetNet ecosystem, as well as enabling technology providers, HetNet infrastructure vendors, mobile operators and other ecosystem players who wish to broaden their knowledge of the ecosystem. 

 

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