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バーチャルパワープラント(仮想発電所)とトランザクティブエネルギーの収益の流れ

VPP Transactive Energy Revenue Streams

 

出版社 出版年月電子媒体価格ページ数図表数
Navigant Research
ナビガントリサーチ
2017年6月US$1,800
1-5ユーザライセンス(PDF)
18 9

サマリー

米国調査会社ナビガントリサーチ(Navigant Research)の調査レポート「バーチャルパワープラント(仮想発電所)とトランザクティブエネルギーの収益の流れ」は、仮想発電所とトランザクティブエネルギープラットフォームの核心を調査し、この両者の統合によって得られる収益の流れの可能性を特定している。地域のクリーンエネルギー、仮想発電量、リアルタイム需要応答(デマンドレスポンス)、高速周波数調整、スマート電圧制御、小規模源からのビッグデータといった6つの収益の流れの可能性の高いビジネスチャンスについて特定している。想定される仮想発電所とトランザクティブエネルギーの統合に注目し、このことでどのようなタイプのサービスができるかについて記載している。

The concepts of virtual power plants (VPPs) and transactive energy (TE) are similar in that they place prosumers—formerly passive consumers that now also produce energy—at the forefront of an emerging market for grid services delivered by distributed energy resources (DER). Yet, industry stakeholders must consider significant differences as policymakers accommodate new technologies, business models, and software platforms associated with power generation, control, and transmission and distribution.

Both VPPs and TE are still somewhat vague in meaning, further clouding distinctions. Both portend a future where DER become the dominant resource based upon which future growth in energy service innovation is realized. Both hinge on the recognition of value embedded in DER that can only be unlocked with the right software and market redesigns. The key question facing market makers is: Do VPPs create opportunities for TE revenue streams or vice versa? Most likely, these two DER platforms will evolve in parallel. The resulting new business models will require new IT infrastructure that relies heavily on the analysis of huge volumes of data.

This Navigant Research report examines the core of the VPP and TE platforms and identifies potential revenue streams that could be created through the integration of both. Six potential revenue stream opportunities are identified: localized clean energy; virtual capacity; real-time demand response (DR); fast frequency regulation; smart voltage control; and big data from small sources. The report focuses on an envisioned integration of TE within VPPs and what types of services could result from such a marriage.

Key Questions Addressed:
  • What is a virtual power plant (VPP)?
  • What is transactive energy (TE)?
  • Where do VPPs and TE overlap?
  • Where do they conflict?
  • What might be possible in terms of revenue streams if these two distributed energy resources (DER) platforms are merged?
  • What are six possible grid services that VPPs/TE could deliver if combined?
  • What is the relative maturity of these six grid service revenue streams?
Who needs this report?
  • Smart grid software providers
  • Utilities and grid operators
  • Energy storage vendors
  • Solar PV industry
  • Smart inverter manufacturers
  • Distributed energy resources (DER) component suppliers
  • Policymakers and regulators
  • Investor community


目次

1. Executive Summary

2. Virtual Power Plant and Transactive Energy Market Definitions          

2.1   VPPs and TE Exist within the Energy Cloud

2.1.1   Virtual Power Plants

2.1.2   Transactive Energy

2.1.3   Embedding TE within VPPs to Create an Energy Cloud Ecosystem

2.2   An Inventory of Potential VPP/TE Revenue Streams

2.2.1   Localized Clean Energy

2.2.2   Virtual Capacity

2.2.3   Real-Time DR

2.2.4   Fast Frequency Regulation

2.2.5   Smart Voltage Control

2.2.6   Big Data from Small Sources

3. Conclusions and Recommendations     

List of Charts and Figures

  • VPP Software Revenue Streams, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • The Broad Umbrella of the Energy Cloud Can Foster New DER Revenue
  • Key Stakeholders in the Energy Cloud Value Chain of the Future
  • Annual Solar PV Plus Energy Storage Power Capacity and Vendor Revenue by Segment, World Markets: 2017-2026
  • Leveraging Solar PV Plus Batteries to Provide Utility DR
  • Depiction of Frequency Regulation
  • The Transactive Energy Platform Technology Stack: Data Is Key
  • Six Revenue Streams from Bundled VPP/TE Platforms

List of Tables

  • VPP/TE Revenue Streams for Prosumers/Consumers: Current Viability Matrix

 

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