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世界のバイオ発電産業 2018年

The Global Bio-Energy Industry (2018)

 

出版社 出版年月電子版価格 ページ数図表数
NRG Expert
NRGエキスパート
2018年9月GBP395
シングルユーザライセンス
76 35

サマリー

この調査レポートは世界のバイオ発電産業を詳細に調査・分析しています。

主な掲載内容

  1. 概説
  2. バイオマス発電
  3. 環境への影響
  4. バイオ発電の利点と制約
  5. バイオマス資源
  6. バイオマス変換技術
  7. バイオマスの用途と熱
  8. バイオ燃料
  9. ロジスティクス
  10. 競争力

From wood-burning stoves to jet fuel, as one of our oldest sources of energy Bio-Energy is increasingly gaining in popularity with an ever-growing list of applications suitable for our modern, energy-hungry world. When we speak of bioenergy, there are certain distinctions that need to be made. As an energy source, bioenergy is that energy that is produced using fuels derived directly or indirectly from organic material including plant materials and animal waste. Broadly speaking, within the bioenergy sector, we can further branch out the definitions to include Biomass energy andBiofuels energy. Each provides their own way of generating the energy based on the fuels used, though specifically how the fuel is created and used during the process.

NRG Expert's The Global Bio-Energy Industry (2018) Report takes a look at the sector and describes the features and developments taking place in this dynamic field. Using this report containing industry analysis and statistics we have provided a Bio-Energy Report which enables you to:

  • Make informed business decisions through a clear global understanding of the Bio-Energy market
  • Analyse Bio-Energy facts and Bio-Energy companies.
  • Design business strategies by understanding the trends, developments and predictions of the Bio-Energy industry
  • Understand Bio-Energy investments.


目次

Table of Contents

Published By .................................................................... 2
Copyright Notice ................................................................ 2

1. Introduction ................................................................ 8

Introduction to Biomass ........................................................ 8
Introduction to Biofuels ........................................................ 9

2. Biomass Energy ............................................................. 11

Usage patterns .............................................................. 12
The Fuel Ladder ............................................................. 13
Rural usage ................................................................ 14
Future biomass primary energy production and consumption ............................ 14

3. Environmental Impact ........................................................ 16

4. Benefits and constraints of bioenergy .............................................. 22

Factors encouraging the development of biomass energy ............................... 23

5. Biomass resources ........................................................... 24

Agricultural crops ............................................................ 25
Agricultural residues .......................................................... 25
Sugar industry wastes/Bagasse .................................................. 26
Forestry crops .............................................................. 27
Forestry residues............................................................ 27
Cereal straw ............................................................... 27
Energy cropping ............................................................ 28
Black liquor................................................................ 28
Animal waste ............................................................... 28
Sewage ................................................................... 29
Industrial waste ............................................................. 29
Municipal solid waste (MSW) ................................................... 29

6. Biomass conversion technologies ................................................ 30

Direct use ................................................................. 31
Combustion .............................................................. 31
Cogeneration............................................................. 31
Transformation ............................................................. 32
Electricity generation ....................................................... 32
Conventional steam boiler .................................................... 33
Co-firing ................................................................ 33
Anaerobic digestion ........................................................ 35
Gasification .............................................................. 36
Pyrolysis ................................................................ 37
Charcoal production ........................................................ 37
Briquetting and pelletizing .................................................... 37
Modular systems .......................................................... 38
Biofuels for transportation ..................................................... 38
Bio-based products .......................................................... 38
Technology developments ...................................................... 39

7. Biomass usage and technologies ................................................. 41

Biomass electricity and heat .................................................... 41
Biomass heat ............................................................. 41
MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) ................................................... 45
Landfill gas ................................................................ 48
Environment.............................................................. 49
Technology .............................................................. 49
Landfill gas market ......................................................... 51
Biogas .................................................................... 51
Biogas in the developing world ................................................ 53
Biopower .................................................................. 54
Technology .............................................................. 55
Conventional steam cycle plant ................................................ 56
Gasification and other advanced processes ........................................ 56
Co-firing with fossil fuels ..................................................... 57
Advantages of co-firing ...................................................... 57
Disadvantages of co-firing .................................................... 57

8. Biofuels .................................................................. 59

First generation biofuels ....................................................... 59
Ethanol (Bioethanol) ........................................................ 59
Energy Crops ............................................................... 61
Waste vegetable oil and tallow .................................................. 64
Algae .................................................................... 65
Ethanol from macro algae and some microalgae .................................... 65
Cellulosic biofuels (lignocellulosic biofuels) .......................................... 66
Biobutanol ............................................................... 66
Conversion process .......................................................... 67

9. Logistics .................................................................. 70

Freight ................................................................... 70
Barriers ................................................................... 72
Development .............................................................. 75

10. Competitiveness ............................................................ 76

Tables

Table 1 Production processes for first generation biofuels ................................... 10
Table 2 Emissions Lifecycle for each Feedstock........................................... 18
Table 3 How green are biofuels? .................................................... 19
Table 4 Biomass resources ......................................................... 24
Table 5 Key figures and data for biomass-based technologies ................................ 30
Table 6 Characteristics of coal-fired power plants ........................................ 35
Table 7 Technology and risks involved for waste-to-energy plants ............................. 46
Table 8 Advantages and disadvantages of ethanol compared to gasoline ........................ 59
Table 9 Products from sugar cane production ........................................... 60
Table 10 By-products from jatropha .................................................. 62
Table 11 The advantages and disadvantages of jatropha .................................... 62
Table 12 Description of Conversion Pathway ............................................ 68
Table 13 Main solid biomass traded in Europe ........................................... 71
Table 14 Comparison of coal and wood pellets ........................................... 76
Table 15 Estimated energy and fuel yields for different feedstocks ............................ 77

Figures

Figure 1 Greenhouse gas savings of biofuels by feedstock and country of origin, % - Biodiesel ... 17
Figure 2 Greenhouse gas savings of biofuels by feedstock and country of origin, % - Ethanol and Biogas .. 18
Figure 3 Future research challenges for assessing the environmental impacts of biofuels ............ 20
Figure 4 Global average water footprint for ethanol feedstocks, m3/GJ .......................... 20
Figure 5 Global average water footprint for biodiesel feedstocks, m3/GJ ........................ 21
Figure 6 Regional level woody biomass potential ......................................... 24
Figure 7 Estimated potential availability of bagasse, thousand tonnes .......................... 26
Figure 8 Co-firing options.......................................................... 34
Figure 9 Biomass resources and conversion routes to produce bioenergy ........................ 39
Figure 10 Jatropha Curcas .......................................................... 62
Figure 11 Salicornia (Salicornia Bigelovi) ............................................... 64
Figure 12 Microalgae and macroalgae. Microalgae (left) Macroalgae (right) ...................... 65
Figure 13 Levelized cost of energy for transport fuels, US $ per litre ............................ 68
Figure 14 Conversion pathways to produce biofuels ....................................... 69
Figure 15 Global view on future biomass harvesting potential................................ 70
Figure 16 Trading of refired biomass fuels in Europe ....................................... 71
Figure 17 Cost of electricity per unit output from a biomass plant ............................. 73
Figure 18 Power from field sourced biomass in Alberta .................................... 74
Figure 19 Cost of power from biogas plants ............................................. 74
Figure 20 Future vision on global bioenergy ............................................ 75

 

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