このレポートは電気二重層キャパシタ (ウルトラキャパシタ) 技術について調査し、技術別、市場普及率の変化などを分析し掲載しています。
Supercapacitors are an emerging energy storage technology that will take a key role in the future of energy systems. This technology will supplement and, in some cases, replace the role of incumbent energy storage technologies such as lithium ion batteries, addressing the weakest points of battery technologies such as low power, limited number of cycles and low performance at low temperatures. With steady progress, supercapacitors are getting traction in mainstream application markets such as the automotive sector and opening new possibilities in emerging sectors such as grid energy storage.
This 190 slide report covers supercapacitor and hybrid supercapacitor technologies and their role as emerging energy storage technologies in different application segments.
Important market trends
Supercapacitor technologies offer a promising role in the future of sustainable energy systems from electric vehicles to renewable energy and electricity grids.
After a couple of years of stagnation the supercapacitor industry is showing renewed signs of market penetration, mostly in the automotive sector with the adoption of supercapacitor technology in the USA by General Motors.
The supercapacitor market in China for western companies remains highly uncertain and western companies look to diversify in two directions, first out of the Chinese electric bus market and secondly into emerging segments such as grid.
Chinese supercapacitor manufacturers are emerging and potentially displacing western companies domestically in the following years.
Europe will start manufacturing supercapacitors.
The grid market which includes wind turbines, grid energy storage and rail wayside offers opportunities for growth for all players.
Supercapacitors are becoming the dominant technology in wind turbine pitch control applications, the global uptake of wind renewable energy will favour the growth of supercapacitor technology.
Important technology trends
Aqueous electrolyte based supercapacitor technology has reached performance parity with organic electrolyte based supercapacitors.
Supercapacitor products are incrementally improving performance reaching 3 Volts and higher temperature performance as required by early adopters of the technology (i.e. automotive sector).
Lithium titanate batteries are the main competitor of supercapacitor technologies, first in automotive and recently in energy harvesting for IoT applications.
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Table of Contents
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND MARKET FORECAST
1.1.1. Focus of this report and primary trends
2. STATE OF THE SUPERCAPACITOR MARKET 2015
2.1.1. Capacitor and Supercapacitor players and estimated revenues in 2015-16.
2.1.2. Competitive Landscape
2.1.3. Market forecast (>100 Farad market)
2.1.4. Technology roadmap
2.1.5. Pick of the news in 2015-16
2.1.6. Company performance 2015 vs 2014
2.1.7. Company performance YTD 2015 vs 2014
2.1.8. European Companies developments
2.1.9. The great shake out in China
2.1.10. Chinese supercapacitor market
2.1.11. Maxwell Technologies recent news June 15th 2016
2.1.12. Maxwell Tech 15 Jun 2016 shareholders meeting announcements
2.1.13. Outlook Nippon Chemicon 2016-2015
2.1.14. Challenges for SC in automotive
2.1.15. Response from the industry
2.1.16. Nippon Chemi-Con development plan
2.1.17. Competitive landscape
2.1.18. Supercapacitors in Automotive Sector
2.1.19. SC progress in Automotive up to date
2.1.20. Emergency backup when the electrics fail: more likely to work than a battery
2.1.21. Wind industry growth in 2015
2.1.22. Top wind turbine companies and which are adopting supercapacitors in pitch control
2.2. Supercapacitors in Grid applications
2.2.1. The role of SC in grid
2.2.2. Grid Energy Storage
2.2.3. Uses of energy storage - UCAP and HESS
2.2.4. Hybrid Energy Storage Systems - Performance Benefits
2.2.5. Duke Energy Rankin Substation: PV Intermittency Smoothing + Load Shifting
2.2.6. Smoothing Wind Farm Power Output
2.2.7. Ireland Microgrid Test Bed
2.2.8. 66 manufacturers and putative manufacturers of supercapacitors/ superbatteries % by continent
2.2.9. Market Development - Number of Players
2.3.1. What is a supercapacitor?
2.3.2. Relative performance in Energy and Power of different energy storage technologies
2.3.3. Battery cycle life
2.3.4. Batteries and Supercapacitors
2.3.5. Benefits of SC and Battery hybrid systems
2.3.6. Self Discharge
2.3.7. Charge and discharge behavior Batteries and Supercapacitors
2.3.8. Types of capacitor
2.3.9. Principles - capacitance
2.3.10. Principles - supercapacitance
2.3.11. Principles - energy and power in supercapacitors
2.3.12. Pseudo capacitance or faradic behavior
2.4. Supercapacitor components and their role in performance
2.4.1. Supercapacitors components
2.4.2. Electrode materials - carbon, binders and additives
2.4.3. Electrode materials - Carbon
2.4.4. Pore size matters for capacitance
2.4.5. Increase Surface Area - Activation of Carbon
2.4.6. Increasing performance - Graphene
2.4.7. Ideal graphene has remarkable properties
2.4.8. Graphene and precursor materials
2.4.9. Surface utilisation challenge
2.4.10. Graphene Oxide (GO) reduction
2.4.11. Graphene/Graphite/CNT materials
2.4.12. Vertically Oriented Graphene Nanosheets
2.4.13. Supercapacitor performance
2.4.14. Increasing performance - Graphene
2.4.15. Companies setting targets to Increase performance - Graphene
2.4.16. Increasing performance Graphene/CNT
2.4.17. Increasing performance Graphene/CNT
2.4.18. Example Increasing performance - Carbon Nanotubes/ Carbon
2.4.19. Carbon nanotubes CNT
2.4.21. Increasing performance the role of electrolytes
2.4.22. Organic vs aqueous electrolytes
2.4.23. Safety - the Japanese regulation: a situation to consider
2.4.24. Electrolytes used by manufacturer
2.4.25. Increasing performance of aqueous electrolyte SC
2.4.26. Aqueous based electrolyte supercapacitors match performance of organic electrolyte supercapacitors
2.5. Environmentally friendlier materials in Supercapacitors while keeping performance
2.5.1. Trends in electrolytes
2.5.2. Increasing performance of aqueous electrolyte SC
2.5.3. New trend in electrolytes... Ionic Liquids
2.5.4. The role of binders in SC
2.5.5. Natural Cellulose in Ionic Liquids Electrode Manufacturing process
3. SUPERCAPACITORS MAIN COMPETITION: LITHIUM TITANATE BATTERIES
3.1.1. Battery company: Toshiba
3.1.2. Features of Toshiba's SCIB
3.1.3. Production plant for Toshiba's SCIB
3.1.4. Toshiba R&D activities
3.1.5. Small footprint Lithium titanate batteries by Murata
3.1.6. Graphene - LTO anode Improvement
3.2. Hybrid Supercapacitors, Supercabatteries or Asymetric Supercapacitors
3.2.2. Supercapacitors and Hybrid supercap.
3.2.3. Competitive landscape
3.2.4. Nano hybrid capacitor (NHC)
3.2.5. Supercapacitors evolution
3.2.7. Hybrid SC-Supercabatteries can use Aqueous or non aqueous electrolytes
3.2.8. European perspective on supply chain in supercapacitors
3.2.9. Why do SC manufacturers bother in preparing the active material?
3.2.10. Manufacturing development trends
3.3. Supercapacitors Cost Structure
3.3.1. Cost Structure Supercapacitors
3.3.2. Supercapacitors cost reduction is far quicker than lithium ion batteries
3.3.3. How to price energy/power devices?
3.3.4. Hybrid ESS = SC + Battery
4. MARKETS FOR SUPERCAPACITORS
4.1.1. Three main market segments
4.1.2. Market segmentation by Farad/cell
4.1.3. Why SC in Energy System?
4.2. Supercapacitors in Electronics
4.2.1. A role for supercapacitors In Smart and Portable Devices
4.2.2. Key enabling technologies and systems
4.2.3. Why Wireless Sensor Networks?
4.2.4. WSN and IoT
4.2.5. Critical infrastructure monitoring
4.2.6. Wireless Sensor Node
4.2.7. Why SC in Wireless Sensor Networks?
4.2.8. WSN operational profile
4.2.9. Why SC in Wireless Sensor Networks?
4.2.10. And that has an impact in power demand profiles...
4.2.11. They are getting thinner
4.2.12. Why Micro-SC in WSN and other consumer electronics?
4.2.13. Energy harvesting with SC
4.2.15. Manufacturing techniques are key to low cost
4.3. Supercapacitors in Transportation
4.3.1. Supercapacitors are replacing some batteries - expensive and little energy stored but...
4.3.2. Supercapacitors have a role in each stage of powertrain electrification
4.3.3. Start stop Systems - Micro hybrids
4.3.4. Energy Recovery - Mild Hybrid
4.3.5. Power at the point of demand
4.3.6. Electronic Controlled Brake
4.3.7. Mazda Japan and Bollore Pininfarina France/Italy
4.3.8. Supercapacitor replaces battery across fuel cell for fast charge/discharge
4.3.9. Bombardier light rail and others use supercapacitor energy harvesting
4.3.10. Rail: two ways of applying supercapacitors
4.3.11. Longer life, more reliable, better response. Completely replaces battery in pure electric Sinautec bus
4.3.12. Supercapacitors assist fast charging in ABB's TOSA bus charging system in Geneva
4.3.13. Fast charge-discharge
4.3.14. Hybrid Bus - Series Hybrid
4.3.15. Hybrid Bus - Parallel Hybrid
4.3.16. Modular flexible hybrid drives
4.3.17. Maxwell Technologies Engine Start Module
4.3.18. Idling is a problem
4.3.19. ESM Value proposition
4.3.20. Two markets default option and retrofit (after market)
4.3.21. Supercapacitors in heavy trucks
4.3.22. SC market in retrofit or aftersales
4.3.23. Sports cars use supercapacitors
4.3.24. The result - the Toyota Yaris Hybrid-R
4.3.25. Supercapacitors applications in Aerospace
4.3.26. Wireless Sensor Networks - Aviation
4.4. Supercapacitors in Industrial applications
4.4.1. Emergency backup when the electrics fail: more likely to work than a battery
4.4.2. SC in Lifting operations + Energy Recovery from Short Trips
4.4.4. Super Capacitor Heavy-duty Port Towing Vehicle produced by Aowei Certified by MIIT
4.4.5. Supercapacitors in Port Cranes
4.4.6. Supercapacitors in Industrial Applications
4.4.7. Building Elevators
4.4.8. Smart Metering - AMR
4.4.9. Handheld products - Fast Charging
4.5. Supercapacitors in Grid applications
4.5.1. Grid Energy Storage
4.5.2. The role of SC in grid
4.5.3. Challenges for SC in Automotive
4.5.4. Response from the industry
4.5.5. Nippon Chemi-Con development plan
4.5.6. Existing Automotive Applications details
4.5.7. Existing non-automotive applications
4.5.8. Medium term applications
4.5.9. Supercapacitor in the automotive sector
4.5.10. OEM's point of view
4.5.11. Supercapacitors in Automotive Sector
4.5.12. SC progress in Automotive up to date
4.5.13. Supercapacitors in the future - Structural Energy Storage