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欧州のスマートメータ市場 (第15版)

Smart Metering in Europe - 15th Edition

 

出版社 出版年月冊子体価格電子版価格
Berg Insight
ベルグインサイト社
2020年6月Eur1,200Eur1,800
1-5ユーザライセンス(PDF)

サマリー

この調査レポートは、欧州市場の電気やガスのスマートメータの最新の市場展開を分析し、企業の意思決定に役立つ5年間の市場予測、専門家のコメント、実際の事例等を記載しています。

Description
Are you looking for detailed information and comprehensive data about the European smart metering market (electricity and gas)? Berg Insight’s analyst team has been covering smart metering continuously for more than fifteen years. Now in the fifteenth edition, Smart Metering in Europe is our flagship 280-page report covering AMM in EU28+2. Learn more about the EU energy policies driving the adoption of smart metering and the latest market developments in Europe. Extensive data Excel is included also.



目次

Table of Contents

Table of Contents ................................................. i
List of Figures ................................................... x

Executive summary ................................................ 1

1 Electricity, gas and district heating markets in Europe ...................... 3

1.1 Energy industry players ...................................... 3
1.2 Electricity market .......................................... 5
1.3 Gas market .............................................. 13
1.4 District heating market ...................................... 16

2 Smart metering solutions .......................................... 17

2.1 Introduction to smart grids ..................................... 17
2.2 Smart metering ........................................... 20
2.2.1 Smart metering applications .................................. 20
2.2.2 Smart metering infrastructure................................. 24
2.2.3 Benefits of smart metering .................................. 27
2.3 Project strategies ........................................... 28
2.3.1 System design and sourcing ................................. 29
2.3.2 Rollout and integration ..................................... 29
2.3.3 Implementation and operation ............................... 30
2.3.4 Communicating with customers ............................... 31
2.4 Regulatory issues .......................................... 31
2.4.1 Models for the introduction of smart meters ...................... 32
2.4.2 Standards and guidelines ................................... 32
2.4.3 Individual rights issues ..................................... 35

3 IoT networks and communications technologies .......................... 37

3.1 IoT network technologies .................................... 37
3.1.1 Network architectures ...................................... 37
3.1.2 Unlicensed and licensed frequency bands ........................ 41
3.2 PLC technology and standards ................................. 42
3.2.1 International standards organisations .......................... 44
3.2.2 G3-PLC .............................................. 46
3.2.3 PRIME ................................................ 48
3.2.4 Meters & More ......................................... 50
3.2.5 OSGP ................................................ 52
3.3 3GPP cellular and LPWA technologies .............................. 53
3.3.1 2G/3G/4G/5G cellular technologies and IoT ...................... 53
3.3.2 The role of cellular networks in smart meter communications ............ 55
3.3.3 NB-IoT and LTE-M network deployments in Europe .................. 56
3.3.4 LoRa ............................................... 58
3.3.5 Sigfox .............................................. 60
3.4 RF technology and standards ................................... 62
3.4.1 IEEE 802.15.4 .......................................... 62
3.4.2 Wi-SUN .............................................. 62
3.4.3 Proprietary IPv6 connectivity stacks based on 802.15.4 ............... 64
3.4.4 Wize ................................................ 65

4 Smart metering industry players ..................................... 67

4.1 Meter vendors ............................................. 67
4.1.1 Itron ................................................ 68
4.1.2 Landis+Gyr .......................................... 70
4.1.3 Honeywell ............................................. 72
4.1.4 Aclara.............................................. 73
4.1.5 ADD Grup ............................................. 74
4.1.6 AEM ................................................ 75
4.1.7 Aidon .............................................. 75
4.1.8 Apator ................................................ 76
4.1.9 Circutor .............................................. 77
4.1.10 Diehl Metering ......................................... 77
4.1.11 EDMI ............................................... 78
4.1.12 EFR ................................................. 79
4.1.13 Elgama Elektronika ....................................... 79
4.1.14 EMH Metering .......................................... 80
4.1.15 Flonidan ............................................. 80
4.1.16 Hager .............................................. 81
4.1.17 Hexing Electrical ......................................... 81
4.1.18 Iskraemeco ........................................... 82
4.1.19 Kaifa Technology ........................................ 83
4.1.20 Kamstrup .............................................. 83
4.1.21 Linyang Energy .......................................... 84
4.1.22 MeteRSit ............................................ 85
4.1.23 Networked Energy Services ................................ 85
4.1.24 NIK .................................................. 87
4.1.25 Pietro Fiorentini .......................................... 87
4.1.26 RIZ .................................................. 87
4.1.27 Sagemcom ........................................... 88
4.1.28 Sanxing Electric .......................................... 89
4.1.29 Wasion ............................................... 90
4.1.30 ZIV .................................................. 90
4.1.31 ZPA Smart Energy ...................................... 91
4.2 Communications solution providers ................................ 91
4.2.1 APKAPPA .............................................. 91
4.2.2 CyanConnode ......................................... 92
4.2.3 Devolo ............................................... 93
4.2.4 NURI Telecom ......................................... 93
4.2.5 Ormazabal ............................................ 94
4.2.6 Power Plus Communications ................................. 94
4.2.7 Sensus ............................................... 95
4.2.8 Toshiba .............................................. 96
4.2.9 Trilliant ............................................... 96
4.2.10 Xemex ................................................ 97
4.3 Software solution providers .................................... 98
4.3.1 Avance Metering ........................................ 99
4.3.2 Atlantica Digital ........................................ 99
4.3.3 Cuculus .............................................. 100
4.3.4 Hansen Technologies .................................... 101
4.3.5 Ferranti ............................................ 101
4.3.6 Gorlitz .............................................. 102
4.3.7 Kisters .............................................. 102
4.3.8 Oracle .............................................. 103
4.3.9 Robotron Datenbank-Software ................................ 103
4.3.10 SAP ............................................... 104
4.3.11 Telecontrol STM ....................................... 105
4.4 System integrators and communications service providers .............. 105
4.4.1 A1 Telekom Austria ..................................... 105
4.4.2 Arkessa ............................................ 106
4.4.3 Arqiva............................................... 107
4.4.4 Atos .............................................. 107
4.4.5 Capgemini .......................................... 108
4.4.6 CGI ............................................... 108
4.4.7 Com4 ............................................... 109
4.4.8 Greenbird Integration Technology ............................. 109
4.4.9 IBM ............................................... 110
4.4.10 LG CNS .............................................. 111
4.4.11 Schneider Electric ....................................... 111
4.4.12 Siemens .............................................. 111
4.4.13 Telecom Italia ........................................ 113
4.4.14 Telefonica ........................................... 113
4.4.15 Telia Company ......................................... 114
4.4.16 Utility Connect .......................................... 115
4.4.17 Vodafone ............................................ 115

5 Market profiles ............................................... 117

5.1 Regional summary .......................................... 117
5.1.1 EU energy strategy ...................................... 117
5.1.2 EU smart metering policies .................................. 118
5.1.3 Smart metering policies on the national level ..................... 121
5.1.4 Top smart metering projects in EU27+3 countries .................. 124
5.2 Austria ................................................. 126
5.2.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 126
5.2.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 127
5.2.3 Smart metering market developments .......................... 128
5.3 Belgium ............................................... 132
5.3.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 132
5.3.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 133
5.4 Bulgaria ............................................... 134
5.4.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 135
5.4.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 136
5.5 Croatia ................................................ 136
5.5.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 137
5.5.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 137
5.6 Cyprus ................................................ 138
5.6.1 Electricity distribution industry structure .......................... 138
5.6.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 139
5.7 Czech Republic ........................................... 140
5.7.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 140
5.7.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots ............. 141
5.8 Denmark ................................................ 142
5.8.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 143
5.8.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 144
5.8.3 Smart metering market developments .......................... 145
5.9 Estonia ................................................ 147
5.9.1 Electricity distribution industry structure .......................... 147
5.9.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 147
5.10 Finland ................................................ 149
5.10.1 Electricity distribution industry structure .......................... 149
5.10.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 150
5.10.3 Smart metering market developments .......................... 151
5.10.4 Second-wave rollout preparations ............................. 153
5.11 France ................................................. 154
5.11.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 155
5.11.2 Nationwide program for smart electricity metering ................... 155
5.11.3 Nationwide program for smart gas metering ...................... 156
5.12 Germany ................................................ 157
5.12.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 158
5.12.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 161
5.12.3 Technical standardisation of smart meters ...................... 164
5.12.4 Smart metering market developments .......................... 166
5.13 Greece ................................................ 169
5.13.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 169
5.13.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilot program ...... 170
5.14 Hungary .............................................. 171
5.14.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 171
5.14.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 172
5.15 Ireland ................................................. 173
5.15.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 173
5.15.2 Nationwide program for deployment of smart meters ................. 174
5.16 Italy .................................................. 175
5.16.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 176
5.16.2 First wave of smart metering 2001-2013 ......................... 178
5.16.3 Second wave of smart metering 2014-2024 ....................... 179
5.17 Latvia ................................................ 181
5.17.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 182
5.17.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 182
5.18 Lithuania ................................................ 183
5.19 Luxembourg.............................................. 184
5.19.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 184
5.19.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering rollout plans ........ 185
5.20 Malta ................................................ 185
5.20.1 Utility industry structure .................................. 186
5.20.2 National smart grid project ................................ 186
5.21 Netherlands .............................................. 187
5.21.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 187
5.21.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 188
5.21.3 Smart metering market developments .......................... 189
5.22 Norway ................................................ 191
5.22.1 Electricity distribution industry structure .......................... 192
5.22.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 193
5.22.3 Smart metering market developments and tender results ............. 194
5.23 Poland ................................................. 196
5.23.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 196
5.23.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 197
5.23.3 Smart metering projects .................................... 199
5.24 Portugal .............................................. 201
5.24.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 201
5.24.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments . 202
5.25 Romania .............................................. 203
5.25.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 204
5.25.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ... 204
5.26 Slovakia .............................................. 207
5.26.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 207
5.26.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ... 208
5.27 Slovenia .............................................. 209
5.28 Spain ................................................ 210
5.28.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure .................. 210
5.28.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 211
5.28.3 Smart metering market developments .......................... 212
5.29 Sweden ............................................... 213
5.29.1 Electricity distribution industry structure .......................... 213
5.29.2 First wave of smart metering 2003-2009 ......................... 214
5.29.3 Second wave of smart metering 2018-2024 ....................... 216
5.30 Switzerland ............................................ 219
5.30.1 Electricity distribution indu
stry structure .......................... 219
5.30.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments ... 220
5.31 United Kingdom ........................................... 222
5.31.1 Electricity and gas industry structure ............................ 222
5.31.2 Metering regulatory environment ............................ 226
5.31.3 Great Britain’s planned nationwide smart metering system .............. 227
5.31.4 Smart meter criticism and regulatory framework revision .............. 229
5.31.5 Smart meter rollout ...................................... 231
5.31.6 Smart metering in Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and Gibraltar .... 232

6 Case studies: Smart metering projects in Europe .......................... 233

6.1 Enel .................................................. 233
6.1.1 Enel Open Meter and the second-generation rollout in Italy ............. 234
6.1.2 Endesa’s smart metering project in Spain ....................... 235
6.1.3 Smart meter rollout in Romania .............................. 236
6.2 Enedis ................................................. 236
6.2.1 The Linky Programme .................................... 237
6.2.2 System development and large-scale pilot ...................... 239
6.2.3 Full-scale rollout ....................................... 240
6.3 E.ON & Innogy .......................................... 240
6.3.1 Sweden ............................................ 241
6.3.2 Germany ............................................. 242
6.3.3 United Kingdom ....................................... 244
6.3.4 Central Eastern Europe .................................. 244
6.4 Current smart meter projects in four European countries .................. 245
6.4.1 Austria ? Wiener Netze ................................... 245
6.4.2 Belgium ? Fluvius ........................................ 246
6.4.3 Ireland ? ESB Networks.................................. 247
6.4.4 Lithuania ? ESO ........................................ 248
6.5 Smart gas meter rollouts in France and Italy ......................... 249
6.5.1 GrDF ................................................ 250
6.5.2 2i Rete Gas ............................................ 252
6.6 Smart meter communications platforms in Germany and the UK ........... 252
6.6.1 Germany ............................................. 253
6.6.2 United Kingdom ....................................... 256
6.7 Smart metering in Russia & CIS and the Balkans ..................... 258

7 Market forecasts and trends ...................................... 263

7.1 Market trends ............................................ 263
7.1.1 Second-wave rollouts to account for a substantial share of shipments ..... 264
7.1.2 Central Eastern Europe slowly gains momentum as outlooks brighten .... 265
7.1.3 DSOs increasingly consider NB-IoT and LTE-M in the 2020s ........... 266
7.1.4 Making smart metering systems secure by design .................. 267
7.1.5 Rethinking the smart metering offering to respond to emerging utility needs . 268
7.2 Smart electricity metering market forecast .......................... 269
7.2.1 Capital expenditure forecast ................................ 273
7.2.2 Communications technology market shares ...................... 276
7.3 Smart gas metering market forecast ............................. 277

Glossary .................................................... 281

List of Figures

Figure 1.1: Top 25 energy companies, by turnover (EU28+2 2019) ................. 4
Figure 1.2: Electricity generation and consumption data (EU28 2018) ................ 5
Figure 1.3: Electricity market statistics (Europe 2018/2019) ........................ 7
Figure 1.4: Top 25 electricity DSO groups (EU28+2 2019) ....................... 10
Figure 1.5: Top 25 electricity DSO groups (Eastern Europe 2019) .................. 12
Figure 1.6: Gas market statistics (EU27+3 2018/2019) .......................... 14
Figure 1.7: Top 25 gas DSO groups (EU28+2 2019) .......................... 15
Figure 1.8: District heating market overview (EU27+3) .......................... 16
Figure 2.1: Smart metering infrastructure ................................. 24
Figure 2.2: Examples of smart electricity meters ............................ 26
Figure 3.1: Standard model for smart grid communication networks ................. 39
Figure 3.2: Alternative model for smart grid communication networks ............... 40
Figure 3.3: Unlicensed and reserved radio frequencies available for wireless IoT ......... 41
Figure 3.4: Selected members of the G3-PLC Alliance by industry ................. 47
Figure 3.5: Selected members of the PRIME Alliance by industry ................... 49
Figure 3.6: Selected members of the Meters & More Association by industry ............ 51
Figure 3.7: Selected members of the OSGP Alliance by industry .................... 52
Figure 3.8: Comparison of LTE IoT enhancements in 3GPP Release 14 ............... 54
Figure 3.9: Select LTE-M and NB-IoT network availability in Europe (Q1-2020) .......... 57
Figure 3.10: Public LoRaWAN network operators in Europe (Q1-2020) ................ 59
Figure 3.11: Sigfox network partners in Europe (Q1-2020) ........................ 61
Figure 3.12: Selected members of the Wi-SUN Alliance by industry .................. 63
Figure 3.13: Selected members of the Wize Alliance by industry .................... 65
Figure 4.1: Energy meter vendor company data (World/Europe, FY2018/2019) ......... 68
Figure 5.1: Regulatory policies for smart meter rollouts, by country (EU27+3 2019) ..... 123
Figure 5.2: Top 25 smart metering projects in EU27+3 countries (Q1-2020) ........... 125
Figure 5.3: Top 10 electricity and gas DSOs in Austria ......................... 127
Figure 5.4: Major SM projects in Austria ................................. 131
Figure 5.5: Main electricity and gas utilities in Belgium ......................... 132
Figure 5.6: Electricity DSOs in Bulgaria .................................. 135
Figure 5.7: Electricity and gas DSOs in the Czech Republic ...................... 141
Figure 5.8: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Denmark ............................. 143
Figure 5.9: Top 15 smart metering projects in Denmark ....................... 146
Figure 5.10: Smart metering projects in Estonia ............................. 148
Figure 5.11: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Finland .............................. 150
Figure 5.12: Top 25 SM contracts in Finland ................................ 152
Figure 5.13: Smart metering projects in France .............................. 156
Figure 5.14: Electricity DSOs in Germany by size ........................... 158
Figure 5.15: Top 30 electricity utilities in Germany .......................... 160
Figure 5.16: Germany’s smart metering rollout plan .......................... 163
Figure 5.17: Top 3 electricity and gas utilities in Hungary ........................ 172
Figure 5.18: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Italy (2018) ........................... 176
Figure 5.19: Top 15 gas DSOs in Italy (2018) ............................... 177
Figure 5.20: EIB loans for smart meter deployments in Italy .................... 181
Figure 5.21: Electricity and gas DSOs in the Netherlands ....................... 188
Figure 5.22: Smart electricity meter installations in the Netherlands, December 2019 ...... 190
Figure 5.23: Top ten electricity DSOs in Norway ............................. 192
Figure 5.24: Top 10 smart metering projects in Norway ....................... 195
Figure 5.25: Main electricity DSOs in Poland ............................... 197
Figure 5.26: Major smart metering contracts in Poland ........................ 200
Figure 5.27: Top utilities in Portugal .................................... 202
Figure 5.28: Top 5 utilities in Romania ................................... 204
Figure 5.29: DSO smart electricity meter coverage targets 2019-2028 ............... 205
Figure 5.30: Top 4 utilities in Slovakia .................................... 208
Figure 5.31: Major electricity and gas DSOs in Spain ........................ 211
Figure 5.32: Smart residential electricity meters in Spain (December 2018) .......... 212
Figure 5.33: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Sweden ............................. 214
Figure 5.34: Major first-wave smart metering contracts in Sweden .................. 216
Figure 5.35: Largest second wave smart metering contracts in Sweden (Q1-2020) ....... 217
Figure 5.36: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Switzerland .......................... 220
Figure 5.37: Electricity DSOs in the UK .................................. 223
Figure 5.38: Gas DSOs in the UK ..................................... 224
Figure 5.39: Electricity and gas retailer market shares in the UK (Q3-2019) .......... 225
Figure 5.40: SMETS1 migration phases ................................. 229
Figure 5.41: Smart energy meters in operation in Great Britain (Q4-2019) ............. 230
Figure 5.42: Estimated total installed base of smart meters (end 2019) .............. 231
Figure 6.1: Enel Open Meter second-generation smart meter .................... 234
Figure 6.2: Conceptual system architecture for Enedis’ smart metering system .......... 238
Figure 6.3: GrDF’s smart gas metering cost-benefit analysis ..................... 250
Figure 6.4: Smart Meter Gateway (SMGW) network interfaces ................... 254
Figure 6.5: Smart Meter Gateway Administrators (January 2020) ................. 255
Figure 7.1: Electricity smart meter shipments and penetration rate (EU27+3 2019-2025) ... 270
Figure 7.2: Electricity smart meter shipments by country (EU27+3 2019-2025) ......... 271
Figure 7.3: Electricity smart meter installed base by country (EU27+3 2019-2025) ....... 272
Figure 7.4: Electricity smart metering capital expenditure forecast (EU27+3 2019-2025) ... 273
Figure 7.5: Estimated capital cost for some smart metering projects in Europe .......... 274
Figure 7.6: Breakdown of costs for electricity smart metering projects in Europe ....... 275
Figure 7.7: Smart meter shipments, by communication technology (EU27+3 2019-2025) . 276
Figure 7.8: Gas smart meter installed base by country (EU27+3 2019-2025) .......... 277
Figure 7.9: Gas smart meter shipments by country (EU27+3 2019-2025) ............ 278

 

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